Mark I. Halpern

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This paper presents a highly flexible 64-electrode stimulator using 65 nm CMOS process fabricated as a stage towards a 1024-electrode epi-retinal prosthesis, which aims to restore partial vision in patients suffering from eye diseases such as retinitis pigmentosa (RP) and age-related macular degradation (AMD). The stimulator drives 64 electrodes with many(More)
This paper investigates how the configuration of return electrodes in an electrode array affects the amount of current crosstalk when electrodes are driven simultaneously in saline. Two pairs of electrodes in different return configurations were stimulated with different-amplitude biphasic currents. Stimulating electrodes were controlled by current sinks(More)
This paper considers the achievable reduction in peak voltage across two driving terminals of an RC circuit when delivering charge using a stepped current waveform, comprising a chosen number of steps of equal duration, compared with using a constant current over the total duration. This work has application to the design of neurostimulators giving reduced(More)
This paper contains results on the design of electrical signals for delivering charge through electrodes to achieve neural stimulation. A generalization of the usual constant current stimulation phase to a stepped current waveform is presented. The electrode current design is then formulated as the calculation of the current step sizes to minimize the peak(More)
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