Mark I. Gimbel

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Activating mutations in either BRAF or NRAS are seen in a significant number of malignant melanomas, but their incidence appears to be dependent to ultraviolet light exposure. Thus, BRAF mutations have the highest incidence in non-chronic sun damaged (CSD), and are uncommon in acral, mucosal and CSD melanomas. More recently, activating KIT mutations have(More)
We examined two genetic markers established early in colorectal tumor development, microsatellite instability (MSI) and mutation of the KRAS proto-oncogene, to see if these genetic changes influence metastatic disease progression and survival. MSI and KRAS mutation status were assessed in 532 primary adenocarcinomas (stage I–IV) from patients treated by(More)
The c-Met proto-oncogene encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase (TK) that promotes invasive tumor growth and metastasis. Recent studies show that the presence of c-Met gene amplification is predictive for selective c-Met TK inhibitors in gastric cancer and lung cancer. In this study, we utilized a highly quantitative PCR/ligase detection reaction technique to(More)
Observational studies of patients with primary colorectal cancer have identified KRAS mutation as a marker of poor prognosis. To examine more directly whether KRAS mutations are associated with accelerated metastatic progression, we evaluated KRAS mutation as well as Ki-67 expression in patients with colorectal liver metastases not treated with cetuximab.(More)
PURPOSE In a series of hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) patients, we evaluated the sensitivities of the individual microsatellites recommended by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) consensus workshop for detection of high-frequency microsatellite instability (MSI-H). On the basis of this evaluation, we developed a three-marker assay that(More)
OBJECTIVES Recently developed polarographic microelectrodes permit continuous, reliable monitoring of oxygen tension in brain tissue (PbrO2). The aim of this study was to investigate the feasibility and utility of directly monitoring PbrO2 in cerebral tissue during changes in oxygenation or ventilation and during hemorrhagic shock and resuscitation. We also(More)
We have previously established a model for postmenopausal, hormone‐dependent breast cancer in nude mice which is responsive to both antiestrogens and aromatase inhibitors. In this model, MCF‐7 human breast carcinoma cells transfected with the aromatase gene (MCF‐7CA) synthesize sufficient estrogen to form tumors in ovariectomized nude mice. In the present(More)
BACKGROUND Unresectable recurrent and in-transit extremity melanoma presents a dilemma for the treating physician. While the disease is confined to the involved limb, the survival mimics that of multiple nodal metastases, with a 10-year survival rate of approximately 40%. This represents late-stage disease for which curative treatment options are limited.(More)
Local excision of rectal cancer is appealing because of its technical ease and excellent functional results, but concern over inadequate pathologic staging and inferior treatment outcomes when compared with radical surgery remain a major hurdle for its widespread use. Local failure rates in modern series for local excision are 4%-18% for T1 rectal cancers(More)
In colorectal cancer (CRC), microsatellite instability (MSI) is a valuable marker of defective DNA mismatch repair that identifies cancers with distinct phenotypic properties, including favorable survival. However, the optimal assay for MSI status is unknown. We have evaluated a simplified 3-marker assay for MSI and compared it with the 5-marker (NCI) assay(More)