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We present evidence for a new mechanism by which two major actin monomer binding proteins, thymosin beta 4 and profilin, may control the rate and the extent of actin polymerization in cells. Both proteins bind actin monomers transiently with a stoichiometry of 1:1. When bound to actin, thymosin beta 4 strongly inhibits the exchange of the nucleotide bound(More)
The firm adhesion and transplatelet migration of leukocytes on vascular thrombus are both dependent on the interaction of the leukocyte integrin, Mac-1, and a heretofore unknown platelet counterreceptor. Here, we identify the platelet counterreceptor as glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha, a component of the GP Ib-IX-V complex, the platelet von Willebrand factor(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet surface P-selectin is considered the "gold standard" marker of platelet activation. Degranulated, P-selectin-positive platelets, however, aggregate with leukocytes in vitro and rapidly lose surface P-selectin in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Flow cytometric tracking of autologous, biotinylated platelets in baboons enabled us to directly(More)
BACKGROUND Both inherited predisposition and platelet hyperreactivity have been associated with ischemic coronary events, but mechanisms that support genetic differences among platelets from different subjects are generally lacking. Associations between the platelet Pl(A2) polymorphism of GP IIIa and coronary syndromes raise the question as to whether this(More)
BACKGROUND Poor clinical outcome in aspirin-treated patients has been termed aspirin resistance and may result from inadequate inhibition of platelet cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) by aspirin. The objectives of this study were to determine prospectively whether COX-1-dependent and other platelet function assays correlate with clinical outcomes in aspirin-treated(More)
BACKGROUND The primary mechanism of action of glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa antagonists is inhibition of the final common pathway of platelet aggregation: fibrinogen binding to the GP IIb/IIIa complex. However, it has been reported that induction of fibrinogen binding and platelet aggregation is an intrinsic prothrombotic property of low-dose GP IIb/IIIa(More)
Despite the proven benefits of using antiplatelet therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), a number of key questions remain to be answered. In recent years, clopidogrel dosing strategies among such patients have evolved considerably, with newer approaches involving loading doses prior to PCI and increases in the time interval(More)
Conclusion The use of combination antiplatelet therapy with aspirin (ASA) and a thienopyridine has resulted in improved clinical outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS) and in those who undergo percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI). The most appropriate dose of thienopy-ridine therapy and its optimal duration of pretreatment and(More)
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