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OBJECTIVES We sought to examine whether patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) have increased platelet reactivity and an enhanced propensity to form monocyte-platelet aggregates. BACKGROUND Platelet-dependent thrombosis and leukocyte infiltration into the vessel wall are characteristic cellular events seen in atherosclerosis. METHODS(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet surface P-selectin is considered the "gold standard" marker of platelet activation. Degranulated, P-selectin-positive platelets, however, aggregate with leukocytes in vitro and rapidly lose surface P-selectin in vivo. METHODS AND RESULTS Flow cytometric tracking of autologous, biotinylated platelets in baboons enabled us to directly(More)
The variable response to antiplatelet therapy has led to the use of platelet function tests to monitor the effects of antiplatelet drugs in cardiovascular diseases. The goal is to guide antiplatelet therapy to the optimal dose for the prevention or treatment of thrombosis while minimizing hemorrhagic side effects. The bleeding time is no longer recommended(More)
BACKGROUND Both inherited predisposition and platelet hyperreactivity have been associated with ischemic coronary events, but mechanisms that support genetic differences among platelets from different subjects are generally lacking. Associations between the platelet Pl(A2) polymorphism of GP IIIa and coronary syndromes raise the question as to whether this(More)
AIM To determine whether indices of platelet activation are associated with the stability of coronary artery disease (CAD). METHODS Platelet function was examined in 677 consecutive aspirin-treated patients presenting for cardiac catheterization. Patients were grouped into recent myocardial infarction (MI), no MI but angiographically documented CAD(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to discern a target range of anticoagulation for enoxaparin during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) as measured by the Rapidpoint ENOX (Pharmanetics Inc., Morrisville, North Carolina), a new point-of-care test. BACKGROUND In the U.S., enoxaparin has been used in only a small proportion of PCI procedures, partly(More)
Platelet function in whole blood can be comprehensively evaluated by flow cytometry. Flow cytometry can be used to measure platelet reactivity, circulating activated platelets, platelet-platelet aggregates, leukocyte-platelet aggregates, procoagulant platelet-derived microparticles, and calcium flux. Clinical applications of whole blood flow cytometric(More)
The firm adhesion and transplatelet migration of leukocytes on vascular thrombus are both dependent on the interaction of the leukocyte integrin, Mac-1, and a heretofore unknown platelet counterreceptor. Here, we identify the platelet counterreceptor as glycoprotein (GP) Ibalpha, a component of the GP Ib-IX-V complex, the platelet von Willebrand factor(More)
Growing evidence from experimental models suggests that relief of myocardial ischemia in a stuttering manner (i.e., ’postconditioning’ [PostC] with brief cycles of reperfusion-reocclusion) limits infarct size. However, the potential clinical efficacy of PostC has, to date,been largely unexplored. Using a retrospective study design, our aim was to test the(More)
OBJECTIVES We investigated whether elevated levels of circulating monocyte-platelet aggregates (MPA) can be used to identify patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI). BACKGROUND Commonly used blood markers of AMI reflect myocardial cell death, but do not reflect the earlier pathophysiologic processes of plaque rupture, platelet activation and(More)