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The low-affinity receptor for leukemia inhibitory factor (LIFR) interacts with gp130 to induce an intracellular signal cascade. The LIFR-gp130 heterodimer is implicated in the function of diverse systems. Normal placentation is disrupted in LIFR mutant animals, which leads to poor intrauterine nutrition but allows fetuses to continue to term. Fetal bone(More)
Cytokines, a group of proteins known to regulate hemopoietic and immune functions, are also involved in inflammation, angiogenesis, and bone and cartilage metabolism. Since all of these processes occur following bone injury, or are known to contribute to wound repair mechanisms, this investigation sought to test the hypothesis that cytokines are involved in(More)
Marrow adipose tissue (MAT), associated with skeletal fragility and hematologic insufficiency, remains poorly understood and difficult to quantify. We tested the response of MAT to high fat diet (HFD) and exercise using a novel volumetric analysis, and compared it to measures of bone quantity. We hypothesized that HFD would increase MAT and diminish bone(More)
Bone and the immune system are both complex tissues that respectively regulate the skeleton and the body's response to invading pathogens. It has now become clear that these organ systems often interact in their function. This is particularly true for the development of immune cells in the bone marrow and for the function of bone cells in health and(More)
The b and c variants of fibroblast growth factor receptor 2 (FGFR2) differ in sequence, binding specificity, and localization. Fgfr2b, expressed in epithelia, is required for limb outgrowth and branching morphogenesis, whereas the mesenchymal Fgfr2c variant is required by the osteocyte lineage for normal skeletogenesis. Gain-of-function mutations in human(More)
Keratinocytes produce an IL-1 like factor termed epidermal cell-derived thymocyte-activating factor (ETAF). In this study, we show that ETAF and IL-1 are identical by the following criteria: Both normal and malignant human keratinocytes contain mRNAs identical to monocytic IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta mRNA, as determined by an S1 nuclease protection assay; and(More)
PURPOSE To explore the relationship between oral mucositis and selected clinical and economic outcomes in blood and marrow transplant patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS Subjects consisted of 92 transplant patients from eight centers who participated in a multinational pilot study of a new oral mucositis scoring system (Oral Mucositis Assessment Scale [OMAS]).(More)
Skeletal mass is maintained by a balance between cells which resorb bone (osteoclasts) and cells which form bone (osteoblasts). Bone development and growth is an on-going, life-long process. Bone is formed during embryonic life, grows rapidly through childhood, and peaks around 20 years of age (formation exceeds resorption). For humans the skeleton then(More)