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Allopurinol is the drug most widely used to lower the blood concentrations of urate and, therefore, to decrease the number of repeated attacks of gout. Allopurinol is rapidly and extensively metabolised to oxypurinol (oxipurinol), and the hypouricaemic efficacy of allopurinol is due very largely to this metabolite. The pharmacokinetic parameters of(More)
The aim of the present study was to separate and characterise products formed by oxidation of uric acid by hydroxyl radicals with a view to probing for these products in vivo in clinical contexts. Aerated solutions of 200 microM uric acid, or its oxidation products, allantoin or parabanic acid, were exposed to gamma radiolysis, (52.0 Gy/min), as a source of(More)
Congenital heart disease (CHD), comprising structural or functional abnormalities present at birth, is the most common birth defect in humans. Reduced expression of connexin40 (Cx40) has been found in association with atrial fibrillation, and deletion of Cx40 in a mouse model causes various structural heart abnormalities in 18% of heterozygotes. We screened(More)
Primary graft failure (PGF) is a devastating complication that occurs in the immediate postoperative period following heart transplantation. It manifests as severe ventricular dysfunction of the donor graft and carries significant mortality and morbidity. In the last decade, advances in pharmacological treatment and mechanical circulatory support have(More)
Dysregulation of iron homeostasis is implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). In this pilot study, common variants of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) and HFE genes resulting in the iron overload disorder of hereditary hemochromatosis (C282Y, H63D and S65C) were evaluated as factors in sporadic AD in an Ontario sample in which folic acid fortification has been(More)
OBJECTIVE Paradoxically, it has been reported that after 1.5-4 h of hypothermic ischaemic preservation there is complete recovery of contractile function in canine cardiac allografts, as assessed by the preload recruitable stroke work (PRSW) relationship. This raises questions about the suitability of the canine heart as a model for preservation research(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning achieved by brief periods of ischemia and reperfusion before a prolonged period of ischemia can significantly reduce the extent of cardiac damage in many mammalian species and human beings. In this study we used a rat model of single lung transplantation to show that ischemic preconditioning also occurs in the lung. (More)
BACKGROUND Orthotopic heart transplantation is the gold-standard long-term treatment for medically refractive end-stage heart failure. However, suitable cardiac donors are scarce. Although donation after circulatory death has been used for kidney, liver, and lung transplantation, it is not used for heart transplantation. We report a case series of heart(More)