Mark H. Wansbrough-Jones

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Mycobacterium ulcerans disease (Buruli ulcer) is an important health problem in several west African countries. It is prevalent in scattered foci around the world, predominantly in riverine areas with a humid, hot climate. We review the epidemiology, bacteriology, transmission, immunology, pathology, diagnosis and treatment of infections. M. ulcerans is an(More)
The seroprevalence of hepatitis C virus was evaluated in blood donors and antenatal clinic attenders in Kumasi, Ghana and seropositive subjects were tested for hepatitis C virus ribonucleic acid by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The overall seroprevalence among Ghanaians was 2.8% but there was a significantly higher prevalence in males (4.6%) than in(More)
We have evaluated the clinical efficacy of the combination of oral rifampin at 10 mg/kg of body weight and intramuscular streptomycin at 15 mg/kg for 8 weeks (RS8), as recommended by the WHO, in 160 PCR-confirmed cases of Mycobacterium ulcerans disease. In 152 patients (95%) with all forms of disease from early nodules to large ulcers, with or without(More)
Punch biopsy specimens from Mycobacterium ulcerans disease lesions were used to compare the sensitivities and specificities of direct smear, culture, PCR, and histopathology in making a diagnosis of M. ulcerans disease in a field setting. PCR for the insertion element IS2404 was modified to include uracil-N-glycosylase and deoxyuridine triphosphate instead(More)
The neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) are a subset of infectious diseases. The responsible pathogens are a biologically disparate group, including (1) vector-borne protozoa (such as Trypanosoma cruzi), bacteria (ocular serovars of Chlamydia trachomatis) and filarial worms (such as Onchocerca volvulus); (2) soil-transmitted helminths (STHs); and (3) the two(More)
Mycobacterium ulcerans disease is common in some humid tropical areas, particularly in parts of West Africa, and current management is by surgical excision of skin lesions ranging from early nodules to extensive ulcers (Buruli ulcer). Antibiotic therapy would be more accessible to patients in areas of Buruli ulcer endemicity. We report a study of the(More)
MICs of ciprofloxacin, sparfloxacin, ofloxacin, amikacin and rifampicin were determined for 14 primary clinical isolates and three reference isolates of Mycobacterium ulcerans by modifying a standard agar dilution method for testing Mycobacterium tuberculosis sensitivity. All these antimicrobials were active against every isolate of M. ulcerans.(More)
Buruli ulcer disease (BUD) is an emerging human disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium ulcerans, which leads to the development of necrotic skin lesions. The pathogenesis of the ulcer is closely associated with the production of mycolactone, a diffusible cytotoxin with immunomodulatory properties. To identify immunological correlates of BUD, we(More)
In a previous study, we reported that the sensitivity of PCR targeting the IS2404 insertion sequence of Mycobacterium ulcerans was 98% when it was applied to 4-mm punch biopsy samples of Buruli lesions. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is a less traumatic sampling technique for nonulcerated lesions, and we have studied the sensitivity of PCR using FNA samples.(More)