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Eosinophil accumulation is a distinctive feature of lung allergic inflammation. Here, we have used a mouse model of OVA (ovalbumin)-induced pulmonary eosinophilia to study the cellular and molecular mechanisms for this selective recruitment of eosinophils to the airways. In this model there was an early accumulation of infiltrating monocytes/macrophages in(More)
Leukocytes extravasate from the blood into inflammatory sites through complementary ligand interactions between leukocytes and endothelial cells. Activation of T cells increases their binding to hyaluronate (HA) and enables CD44-mediated primary adhesion (rolling). This rolling could be induced in vivo in murine Vbeta8(+) T cells in response to specific(More)
The extravasation of leukocytes from the blood into tissues occurs as a multistep process: an initial transient interaction ("rolling"), generally thought to be mediated by the selectin family of adhesion molecules, followed by firm adhesion, usually mediated by integrins. Using a parallel plate flow chamber designed to approximate physiologic flow in(More)
Adhesive interactions between receptors on vascular endothelial cells (EC) and circulating leukocytes are pivotal in regulating leukocyte extravasation. Although primary adhesion of lymphocytes to EC has been primarily attributed to the selectin family of receptors, CD44 can also mediate this function when activated to bind its ligand hyaluronan (HA).(More)
A defining juncture in the life of a T cell is its encounter with its cognate Ag, resulting finally in effector and/or memory T cells known to express, among other characteristics, increased surface levels of CD44. The requirements for the "activation" of CD44 to bind its major ligand, hyaluronan (HA), and the in vivo role of this interaction remain(More)
A structurally and functionally related group of genes, lymph node homing receptor (LHR), granule membrane protein 140 (GMP-140), and endothelial leukocyte adhesion molecule 1 (ELAM-1) are shown to constitute a gene cluster on mouse and human chromosome 1. In situ hybridization mapped GMP-140 to human chromosome 1 bands 21-24 consistent with chromosomal(More)
CD44 on activated T cells can initiate contact and mediate rolling on hyaluronan on endothelial cells. We have shown that the integrin VLA-4 is used preferentially over LFA-1 in conjunction with this rolling interaction for firm adhesion. Here, we show by coimmunoprecipitation and transfection studies that CD44 associates with VLA-4 but not LFA-1 on the(More)
BACKGROUND The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is the prototype member of the type I receptor tyrosine kinase (TK) family and plays a pivotal role in cell proliferation and differentiation. There are three well described polymorphisms that are associated with increased protein production in experimental systems: a polymorphic dinucleotide(More)
CD44 on lymphocytes binding to its carbohydrate ligand hyaluronan can mediate primary adhesion (rolling interactions) of lymphocytes on vascular endothelial cells. This adhesion pathway is utilized in the extravasation of activated T cells from the blood into sites of inflammation and therefore influences patterns of lymphocyte homing and inflammation.(More)
The localization of circulating leukocytes within inflamed tissues occurs as the result of interactions with and migration across vascular endothelium, and is governed, in part, by the expression of adhesion molecules on both cell types. Recently, we have described a novel primary adhesion interaction between the structurally activated form of the adhesion(More)