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GABA(A) receptors are pentameric ligand-gated ion channels involved in fast inhibitory neurotransmission and are allosterically modulated by the anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, and sedative-hypnotic benzodiazepines. Here we show that the prokaryotic homolog ELIC also is activated by GABA and is modulated by benzodiazepines with effects comparable to those at(More)
The actions of a novel, potent 5-HT₃ receptor ligand, [2-chloro-(4-methylpiperazine-1-yl)quinoxaline (VUF10166)], were examined at heterologously expressed human 5-HT₃A and 5-HT₃AB receptors. VUF10166 displaced [³H]granisetron binding to 5-HT₃A receptors expressed in human embryonic kidney cells with high affinity (K(i) = 0.04 nM) but was less potent at(More)
Drug discovery requires a simple, rapid, and cost-effective method for the early identification of novel leads and elimination of poor candidates. Here we present an experimental design that fulfils these criteria, using a ligand-gated ion channel expressed in a mammalian cell line, whose function can be probed using a voltage-sensitive dye. The(More)
G-protein coupled receptors encoded by viruses represent an unexplored class of potential drug targets. In this study, we describe the synthesis and pharmacological characterization of the first class of inverse agonists acting on the HCMV-encoded receptor US28. It is shown that replacement of the 4-hydroxy group of lead compound 1 with a methylamine group(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is a widespread human pathogen, possessing onco-modulatory properties. Constitutive signaling of the HCMV-encoded chemokine receptor US28 and its ability to bind a broad spectrum of chemokines might facilitate HCMV-associated tumor progression. Novel nonpeptidergic chemotypes were identified as neutral antagonists or inverse(More)
Until recently, discriminating between homomeric 5-HT3A and heteromeric 5-HT3AB receptors was only possible with ligands that bind in the receptor pore. This study describes the first series of ligands that can discriminate between these receptor types at the level of the orthosteric binding site. During a recent fragment screen,(More)
Influenza is an infectious disease that represents an important public health burden, with high impact on the global morbidity, mortality, and economy. The poor protection and the need of annual updating of the anti-influenza vaccine, added to the rapid emergence of viral strains resistant to current therapy make the need for antiviral drugs with novel(More)
Smaller stones with a wide variety of colors make a higher resolution mosaic. In much the same way, smaller chemical entities that are structurally diverse are better able to interrogate protein binding sites. This feature article describes the construction of a diverse fragment library and an analysis of the screening of six representative protein targets(More)
Smaller tesserae with a wide variety of colours make a higher resolution mosaic. In much the same way, smaller chemical entities that are structurally diverse are better able to interrogate protein binding sites. This feature article describes the construction of a diverse fragment library and the analysis of six protein targets belonging to three diverse(More)
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