Mark H Broekhoven

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Drugs of abuse are initially used because of their rewarding properties. As a result of repeated drug exposure, sensitization to certain behavioral effects of drugs occurs, which may facilitate the development of addiction. Recent studies have implicated the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5 receptor) in drug reward, but its role in sensitization is(More)
A critical and often overlooked component of the use and transfer of research in the health care system is the local health and social service delivery agency. There is also very little understanding of the extent to which local community-based agencies conduct research internally to improve their operational capacity. More than ever, these local service(More)
We studied the long-term effect of neonatal treatment with the synthetic glucocorticoid dexamethasone (DEX) on stress responsivity later in life. It was found that the plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and corticosterone (CORT) responses induced by novelty or conditioned fear stress were markedly attenuated in adult rats that had been neonatally(More)
Dopaminergic neurotransmission in the dorsal and ventral striatum is thought to be involved in distinct aspects of cocaine addiction. Ventral striatal dopamine mediates the acute reinforcing properties of cocaine, whereas dopamine in the dorsolateral striatum (DLS) is thought to become involved in later stages of the addiction process to mediate(More)
In heterogeneous seeking–taking (ST) chain schedules of self-administration, seeking rewards and taking rewards are distinct actions, giving animals explicit control over their intake of the reward. However, the neurobehavioral characteristics of ST chain schedules are relatively unexplored. This study was made to evaluate two variants of ST chain schedules(More)
The effects of repeated exposure to a novel test box on cardiac and behavioral activities (locomotion, rearing, grooming, scanning, and immobility) were studied in rats tested during the dark phase ("dark" rats) or the light phase ("light" rats) of the lighting cycle, using a telemetry system for registration of ECGs during the first and fifth tests. Heart(More)
Drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing brain disorder characterized by compulsive drug use. Contemporary addiction theories state that loss of control over drug use is mediated by a combination of several processes, including a transition from goal-directed to habitual forms of drug seeking and taking, and a breakdown of the prefrontally-mediated cognitive(More)
Grooming behaviour induced by exposure to a novel environment was studied in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). The dopamine D1 receptor antagonist, SCH 23390, and the dopamine D2 receptor agonist, quinpirole, were used to study brain dopamine systems in these rat strains, via their effects on grooming behaviour.(More)
Day 7 amygdala-lesioned (D7 AMX) rats have been proposed as a model for neurodevelopmental psychopathological disorders such as schizophrenia. Patients with schizophrenia are sensitive to stress and show an impaired hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal response to certain stressful stimuli. Therefore, we investigated neuroendocrine and behavioral stress responses(More)
The guidance protein Semaphorin7A (Sema7A) is required for the proper development of the immune and nervous systems. Despite strong expression in the mature brain, the role of Sema7A in the adult remains poorly defined. Here we show that Sema7A utilizes different cell surface receptors to control the proliferation and differentiation of neural progenitors(More)
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