Mark Goodwin

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The use of gadolinium-based hepatocyte-specific contrast agents (HSCAs) has increased markedly since their introduction, and hepatocellular phase imaging performed with an HSCA is now a key part of the standard magnetic resonance (MR) imaging work-up for focal liver lesions. An understanding of the mechanisms of action of HSCAs helps ensure their effective(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common in critically ill patients and associated with important morbidity and mortality. Although alterations in renal perfusion are thought to play a causative role in the pathogenesis of AKI, there is, to date, no reliable technique that allows the assessment of renal perfusion that is applicable in the ICU. Contrast-enhanced(More)
INTRODUCTION Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) is a new technique that might enable portable and non-invasive organ perfusion quantification at the bedside. However, it has not yet been tested in critically ill patients. We sought to establish CEUS's feasibility, safety, reproducibility and potential diagnostic value in the assessment of renal cortical(More)
ADAGE is a project to define and build a domain-specific software architecture (DSSA) environment for assisting the development of avionics software. A central concept of DSSA is the use of software system generators to implement component-based models of software synthesis in the target domain [SEI90]. In this paper, we present the ADAGE component-based(More)
Following general anesthesia, people are often confused about the time of day and experience sleep disruption and fatigue. It has been hypothesized that these symptoms may be caused by general anesthesia affecting the circadian clock. The circadian clock is fundamental to our well-being because it regulates almost all aspects of our daily biochemistry,(More)
A Rietveld method is described which extracts information on crystal structure, texture and microstructure directly from two-dimensional synchrotron diffraction images. This is advantageous over conventional texture analysis that relies on individual diffraction peaks, particularly for low-symmetry materials with many overlapping peaks and images with a(More)
The parasitic mite Varroa destructor is responsible for heavy losses in honey bee colonies and represents a major threat to the beekeeping industry. Essential oils offer an attractive alternative to the use of synthetic chemicals for the control of varroa. Amongst them, thymol appears to be particularly promising. However, treatments using thymol as their(More)
INTRODUCTION We used contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to estimate the effect of an increase in mean arterial pressure (MAP) induced by noradrenaline infusion on renal microvascular cortical perfusion in critically ill patients. METHODS Twelve patients requiring a noradrenaline infusion to maintain a MAP more than 60 mmHg within 48 hours of intensive(More)
PURPOSES To determine the diagnostic accuracy of ultrasound in the diagnosis of pneumothorax in patients with COPD with particular regard to false-positive diagnoses. MATERIALS AND METHODS This was a single-center, prospective, blinded study. Nine patients with pneumothorax, 9 patients with cystic fibrosis, 17 patients with COPD, and 6 control subjects(More)
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major complication of critical illness [1] occurring in 30 to 40 % of all critically ill patients and in its sev ere form requires renal replacement therapy (RRT), in approximately 5 % of patients [2]. AKI has been s hown to be an independent predictor for mortality [3] and is associated with invasive therapy and substantial(More)