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To investigate patterns of gene expression in soybean (Glycine max) and Phytophthora sojae during an infection time course, we constructed a 4,896-gene microarray of host and pathogen cDNA transcripts. Analysis of rRNA from soybean and P. sojae was used to estimate the ratio of host and pathogen RNA present in mixed samples. Large changes in this ratio(More)
Phytophthora sojae (Kaufmann and Gerdemann) is an oomycete that causes stem and root rot on soybean (Glycine max L. Merr) plants. We have constructed three cDNA libraries using mRNA isolated from axenically grown mycelium and zoospores and from tissue isolated from plant hypocotyls 48 h after inoculation with zoospores. A total of 3,035 expressed sequence(More)
Draft genome sequences have been determined for the soybean pathogen Phytophthora sojae and the sudden oak death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum. Oömycetes such as these Phytophthora species share the kingdom Stramenopila with photosynthetic algae such as diatoms, and the presence of many Phytophthora genes of probable phototroph origin supports a(More)
The first specific reaction in the biosynthesis of isoflavonoid compounds in plants is the 2-hydroxylation, coupled to aryl migration, of a flavanone. Using a functional genomics approach, we have characterized a cDNA encoding a 2-hydroxyisoflavanone synthase from soybean (Glycine max). Microsomes isolated from insect cells expressing this cytochrome P450(More)
Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni leaves accumulate a mixture of at least eight different glycosides derived from the tetracyclic diterpene steviol. These natural products taste intensely sweet and have similar biosynthetic origins to those of gibberellic acid (GA). The initial steps leading to the formation of GA result from the two-step cyclization of(More)
  • M Gijzen
  • 1997
The Ep locus severely affects the amount of peroxidase enzyme in soybean seed coats. Plants containing the dominant Ep allele accumulate large amounts of peroxidase in the hourglass cells of the sub-epidermis. Homozygous recessive epep genotypes do not accumulate peroxidase in the hourglass cells and are much reduced in total seed coat peroxidase activity.(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Soybean (Glycine max) is among the many legumes that are well known for 'hardseededness'. This feature can be beneficial for long-term seed survival, but is undesirable for the food processing industry. There is substantial disagreement concerning the mechanisms and related structures that control the permeability properties of soybean(More)
Phytophthora sojae is an oomycete that causes stem and root rot on soybean plants. To discover pathogen factors that produce disease symptoms or activate plant defense responses, we identified putative secretory proteins from expressed sequence tags (ESTs) and tested selected candidates using a heterologous expression assay. From an analysis of 3035 ESTs(More)
The resistance of soybean to Phytophthora root and stem rot caused by Phytophthora sojae is conferred by a series of single-dominant Rps genes. We have applied random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) and amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analyses to isolate molecular markers linked to Rps1-k. Five RAPD markers were identified and mapped closely(More)
The 90-kD molecular chaperone hsp90 is the key component of a multiprotein chaperone complex that facilitates folding, stabilization, and functional modulation of a number of signaling proteins. The components of the animal chaperone complex include hsp90, hsp70, hsp40, Hop, and p23. The animal Hop functions to link hsp90 and hsp70, and it can also inhibit(More)