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Ancient human genomes suggest three ancestral populations for present-day Europeans
We sequenced genomes from a ∼7,000 year old early farmer from Stuttgart in Germany, an ∼8,000 year old hunter-gatherer from Luxembourg, and seven ∼8,000 year old hunter-gatherers from southernExpand
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Genetic Discontinuity Between Local Hunter-Gatherers and Central Europe’s First Farmers
Cultivating Farmers Were the ancestors of modern Europeans the local hunter-gatherers who assimilated farming practices from neighboring cultures, or were they farmers who migrated from the Near EastExpand
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Regional population collapse followed initial agriculture booms in mid-Holocene Europe
Following its initial arrival in SE Europe 8,500 years ago agriculture spread throughout the continent, changing food production and consumption patterns and increasing population densities. Here weExpand
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The Origins of Lactase Persistence in Europe
Lactase persistence (LP) is common among people of European ancestry, but with the exception of some African, Middle Eastern and southern Asian groups, is rare or absent elsewhere in the world. Expand
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Late Pleistocene Demography and the Appearance of Modern Human Behavior
War and Peace? Modern behavior, including the development of advanced tools, musical instruments, and art, seems to have arisen in humans in stages. The earliest hints are seen in Africa about 70 toExpand
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A new time-scale for ray-finned fish evolution
The Actinopterygii (ray-finned fishes) is the largest and most diverse vertebrate group, but little is agreed about the timing of its early evolution. Estimates using mitochondrial genomic dataExpand
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A recent bottleneck of Y chromosome diversity coincides with a global change in culture.
It is commonly thought that human genetic diversity in non-African populations was shaped primarily by an out-of-Africa dispersal 50-100 thousand yr ago (kya). Here, we present a study of 456Expand
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Absence of the lactase-persistence-associated allele in early Neolithic Europeans
Lactase persistence (LP), the dominant Mendelian trait conferring the ability to digest the milk sugar lactose in adults, has risen to high frequency in central and northern Europeans in the lastExpand
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A novel polymorphism associated with lactose tolerance in Africa: multiple causes for lactase persistence?
Persistence or non-persistence of lactase expression into adult life is a polymorphic trait that has been attributed to a single nucleotide polymorphism (C-13910T) in an enhancer element 13.9 kbExpand
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Lactose digestion and the evolutionary genetics of lactase persistence
It has been known for some 40 years that lactase production persists into adult life in some people but not in others. However, the mechanism and evolutionary significance of this variation haveExpand
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