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The purpose of the experiments described was to identify X chromosome genes functioning mainly or exclusively during oogenesis. Two mutagenesis experiments were carried out with ethyl methane sulfonate. Following treatment inducing 60% lethals, 9% of the treated X chromosomes carried a female sterility mutation which did not otherwise seriously affect(More)
Mutations at the Drosophila melanogaster locus female sterile (1) homeotic (fs(1)h) result in segmental abnormalities including missing organs and homeotic transformations in the progeny of mutant mothers. Homeotic transformations are enhanced when the zygotes carry one of several third chromosome mutations, specifically alleles or deficiencies of the(More)
To study genes that function mainly or exclusively during oogenesis, we have isolated and analyzed female-sterile mutations, with special emphasis on those that affect eggshell formation. Following treatment that induced 61 to 66% lethals, 8.1% of the 1071 X chromosomes tested carried recessive female sterility mutations (87 isolates), and 8.0% carried(More)
We analyzed the clinical phenotype and determined the recurrence risks to relatives of patients with T14484C Leber's hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). LHON is a maternally inherited optic neuropathy that primarily affects adolescent males. It is usually associated with one of three mtDNA mutations: G3460A, G11778A, or T14484C. Definition of recurrence(More)
A 27-year-old man developed a persistent bitemporal hemianopia after severe head trauma sustained in a high-speed motor vehicle accident. The initial brain MRI revealed hemorrhagic contusion of the optic chiasm. A brain MRI performed 4 weeks later demonstrated complete chiasmal transection, a phenomenon rarely documented with imaging.
The eye movements of a patient with a left lateral medullary infarct (Wallenberg's syndrome) were recorded using the scleral search coil in magnetic field technique. When asked to look at spontaneously appearing targets, saccades to the left were generally accurate but those to the right reached the target by multiple step refixation saccades. Large(More)
Gypsy is an endogenous retrovirus of Drosophila melanogaster. It is stable and does not transpose with detectable frequencies in most Drosophila strains. However, we have characterized unstable strains, known as MG, in which it transposes at high frequency. These stocks contain more copies of gypsy than usual stocks. Transposition results in mutations in(More)
Wistar rats learned to withhold consumption of a target solution when morphine preceded presentation of the target solution and lithium chloride (LiCl) and to consume the same target solution when saline preceded the presentation of the solution. After this serial feature discrimination training, morphine did not block the formation of a Pavlovian(More)
A high frequency of homeotic transformation appears in Df(3)red/+ progeny of Df(1)snC128/+ females. Generally, the metathoracic appendages are partially transformed into mesothoracic ones. Df(1)snC128 includes a small region of the X chromosome: 7D1 to 7D5-6. Hypodosage of this region is mainly effective at the level of the maternal genotype, and the effect(More)