Mark G. Clemens

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Leukocyte motion represents an important component in the innate immune response to infection. Intravital microscopy is a powerful tool as it enables in vivo imaging of leukocyte motion. Under inflammatory conditions, leukocytes may exhibit various motion behaviors, such as flowing, rolling, and adhering. With many leukocytes moving at a wide range of(More)
Intravital microscopy has been used to visualize the microcirculation by imaging fluorescent labeled red blood cells (RBCs). Traditionally, microcirculation has been modeled by computing the mean velocity of a few, randomly selected, manually tracked RBCs. However, this protocol is tedious, time consuming, and subjective with technician related bias. We(More)
Maintenance of hepatic microcirculatory flow after ischemia of the liver is essential to prevent hepatic dysfunction. Thus, we determined the differential role of carbon monoxide (CO) and nitric oxide (NO) in the intrinsic control of sinusoidal perfusion, mitochondrial redox state, and bile production in the isolated perfused rat liver after hemorrhagic(More)
Although the mechanisms of cirrhosis-induced portal hypertension have been studied extensively, the role of thromboxane A(2) (TXA(2)) in the development of portal hypertension has never been explicitly explored. In the present study, we sought to determine the role of TXA(2) in bile duct ligation (BDL)-induced portal hypertension in Sprague-Dawley rats.(More)
BACKGROUND Recurrent ankle injury occurs in 70% of individuals experiencing a lateral ankle sprain. The cause of this high level of recurrence is currently unknown. Researchers have begun to investigate sensorimotor deficits as one possible cause with inconclusive and often conflicting results. The purpose of this study was to further the understanding of(More)
Microcirculatory failure after stress events results in mismatch in oxygen supply and demand. Determination of tissue oxygen distribution in vivo may help elucidate mechanisms of injury, but present methods have limited resolution. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were anesthetized, prepared for intravital microscopy, and received intravenously the oxygen-sensitive(More)
Recent advances in biomedical imaging have enabled the analysis of many different cell types. Learning-based cell detectors tend to be specific to a particular imaging protocol and cell type. For a new dataset, a tedious retraining process is required. In this paper, we present a novel method of training a cell detector on new datasets with minimal effort.(More)
Automated cell tracking using in vivo imagery is difficult, in general, due to the noise inherent in the imaging process, occlusions, varied cell appearance over time, motion of other tissue (distractors), and cells traveling in and out of the image plane. For certain types of cells these problems are exacerbated due to erratic motion patterns. In this(More)
Segmentation of vessels in biomedical images is important as it can provide insight into analysis of vascular morphology, topology and is required for kinetic analysis of flow velocity and vessel permeability. Intravital microscopy is a powerful tool as it enables in vivo imaging of both vasculature and circulating cells. However, the analysis of(More)