Mark F. Stinski

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Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection of permissive cells has been reported to induce a cell cycle halt. One or more viral proteins may be involved in halting progression at different stages of the cell cycle. We investigated how HCMV infection, and specifically IE86 protein expression, affects the cell cycles of permissive and nonpermissive cells. We used(More)
The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) IE86 protein induces the human fibroblast cell cycle from G(0)/G(1) to G(1)/S, where cell cycle progression stops. Cells with a wild-type, mutated, or null p53 or cells with null p21 protein were transduced with replication-deficient adenoviruses expressing HCMV IE86 protein or cellular p53 or p21. Even though S-phase genes(More)
Transcription of the DNA polymerase processivity factor gene (UL44) of human cytomegalovirus initiates at three distinct start sites, which are differentially regulated during productive infection. Two of these start sites, the distal and proximal sites, are active at early times, and the middle start site is active at only late times after infection (F.(More)
During productive infection, human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) UL44 transcription initiates at three distinct start sites that are differentially regulated. Two of the start sites, the distal and the proximal, are active at early times, whereas the middle start site is active only at late times after infection. The UL44 early viral gene product is essential for(More)
The region of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) genome between the UL127 promoter and the major immediate-early (MIE) enhancer is referred to as the unique region. The role of this region during a viral infection is not known. In wild-type HCMV-infected permissive fibroblasts, there is no transcription from the UL127 promoter at any time during productive(More)
The functions of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) IE86 protein are paradoxical, as it can both activate and repress viral gene expression through interaction with the promoter region. Although the mechanism for these functions is not clearly defined, it appears that a combination of direct DNA binding and protein-protein interactions is involved. Multiple(More)
BACKGROUND Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) can be reactivated under immunosuppressive conditions causing several fatal pneumonitis, hepatitis, retinitis, and gastrointestinal diseases. HCMV also causes deafness and mental retardation in neonates when primary infection has occurred during pregnancy. In the genome of HCMV at least 194 known open reading frames(More)
Human cytomegalovirus protein IE2-p86 exerts its functions through interaction with other viral and cellular proteins. To further delineate its protein interaction network, we generated a recombinant virus expressing SG-tagged IE2-p86 and used tandem affinity purification coupled with mass spectrometry. A total of 9 viral proteins and 75 cellular proteins(More)
The genomes of HCMV clinical strains (e.g. FIX, TR, PH, etc) contain a 15 kb region that encodes 20 putative ORFs. The region, termed ULb', is lost after serial passage of virus in human foreskin fibroblast (HFF) cell culture. Compared to clinical strains, laboratory strains replicate faster and to higher titers of infectious virus. We made recombinant(More)