Learn More
The most abundant species of human cytomegalovirus (Towne) immediate early polysome-associated RNA originates from a region of ca. 2.8 kilobases (0.739 to 0.755 map units) within the XbaI-E DNA fragment. These sequences code for a 1.95-kilobase mRNA and are referred to as immediate early coding region one (M. F. Stinski, D. R. Thomsen, R. M. Stenberg, and(More)
The immediate early genes of human cytomegalovirus were characterized according to map location, RNA transcripts, and translation products. Three regions in the large unique component (0.709 to 0.751 map units) were transcribed in the presence of an inhibitor of protein synthesis (anisomycin). A single size class of polyadenylated mRNA, 1.95 kilobases (kb),(More)
Differentiation-dependent expression of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major immediate-early (MIE) genes, encoding IE1 and IE2, may partly govern virus replication in monocytic THP-1 and embryonal carcinoma (Tera-2) cells. The modulator of the MIE promoter was shown previously in transient transfection assays to repress transcription from promoter(More)
In vivo, negative autoregulation of the strong major immediate early promoter (MIEP) of human cytomegalovirus requires the viral immediate early 2 protein (IE2) and a cis element located from position -13 through position -1 relative to the transcription start site. We have established an in vitro transcription system that reproduces the specificity of(More)
A series of recombinant viruses with either site-specific mutations or various deletions of the early UL4 promoter of human cytomegalovirus were used to determine the roles of regulatory elements and the effects of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathways. Viral gene expression was regulated by upstream cis-acting sites and by basic promoter(More)
One of the two SP1 sites in the proximal enhancer of the human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) major immediate-early (MIE) promoter is essential for transcription in human fibroblast cells (H. Isomura, M. F. Stinski, A. Kudoh, T. Daikoku, N. Shirata, and T. Tsurumi, J. Virol. 79:9597-9607, 2005). Upstream of the two SP1 sites to -223 relative to the +1 transcription(More)
We have previously reported that the immediate early (IE)-86 protein of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) pushes the cell cycle toward S phase but inhibits cell division [Murphy, E. A., Streblow, D. N., Nelson, J. A. & Stinski, M. F. (2000) J. Virol. 74, 7108-7118]. We determined the cellular genes activated by the IE86 protein in permissive human fibroblast(More)
Human cytomegalovirus immediate-early (IE) region 2 (0.732 to 0.740 map unit) begins 35 nucleotides downstream of IE region 1 (Stenberg et al., J. Virol. 49:190-199, 1984). A series of mRNAs that have different splicing patterns are transcribed from region 2. There is an unspliced 1,589-nucleotide exon present in minor amounts and two spliced exons (836 and(More)
The positive and negative cis-acting elements that affect transcription from the human cytomegalovirus major immediate-early (MIE) promoter and the viral and cellular proteins that bind to these elements are discussed. The data obtained using in vitro transcription and transient transfection assays are reviewed and compared to recent data using recombinant(More)
The HXLF (HindIII-X left reading frame) gene family is a group of five genes that share one or two regions of homology and are arranged in tandem within the short unique component of the human cytomegalovirus genome (K. Weston and B.G. Barrell, J. Mol. Biol. 192:177-208, 1986). These genes were cloned into an SP6 expression vector in both the sense and(More)