Learn More
This dissertation is the result of my own work and includes nothing which is the outcome of work done in collaboration, except where stated. It has not been submitted in whole or part for a degree at any other university. The length of this thesis including footnotes and appendices is approximately 36,000 words. i Summary This thesis details the development(More)
A parallel distributed processing model is described that learns to comprehend single clause sentences. Specifically, it assigns thematic roles to sentence constituents, disambiguates ambiguous words, instantiates vague words, and elaborates implied roles. The sentences are pre-segmented into constituent phrases. Each constituent is processed in turn to(More)
Research on when and how to use three-dimensional (3D) perspective views on flat screens for operational tasks such as air traffic control is complex. We propose a functional distinction between tasks: those that require shape understanding versus those that require precise judgments of relative position. The distortions inherent in 3D displays hamper(More)
51 A ir-traffic controllers, military personnel, and others need displays that rapidly convey the location and other attributes of objects (such as aircraft) in 3D space. The ongoing revolution in the availability of inexpensive and fast 3D rendering technologies is allowing display designers to develop 3D prototype displays for this purpose, such as Figure(More)
How ore knowledge-intensive, text-comprehension processes computed? Specifically , how ore (1) explicit propositions remembered correctly, (2) pronouns resolved, (3) coherence and prediction inferences drown, (4) ongoing interpreto-tions revised OS more information becomes available, and (5) informotion learned in specific contexts generalized to novel(More)
Tactical displays can quickly become cluttered with large numbers of symbols that can compromise effective monitoring. Here, we studied how heuristic automation can aid users by intelligently "decluttering" the display. In a realistic simulated naval air defense task, 27 experienced U.S. Navy users monitored a cluttered airspace and executed defensive(More)
Interleukin (IL)-8 is a C-X-C chemokine that potently chemoattracts and activates neutrophils. We determined whether IL-8 could be produced by human airway smooth muscle cells in culture and examined its regulation. TNF-alpha stimulated IL-8 mRNA expression and protein release in a time- and dose-dependent manner, whereas IFN-gamma alone had no effect. Both(More)
Similar to neuronal cells, neuroendocrine cells express voltage-dependent ion channels and fire action potentials. Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels couples changes in membrane potential to Ca(2+)-dependent cellular processes, such as hormone release. Using the patch-clamp technique, we studied the spontaneous electrical activity as well(More)
Detecting changes in complex monitoring tasks is important for situation awareness, yet surprisingly difficult. Interruptions exacerbate this problem. An intuitively appealing solution to this problem is Instant Replay. Users could replay interrupted periods at high speed to quickly perceive changes. Instant Replay's appeal seems to rest on its familiarity(More)
As background for a serological definition of the unique antigens of chemically induced sarcomas, we have typed a series of fibroblast and sarcoma cell lines of BALB/c and C57BL/6 origin by cytoxicity and absorption tests for murine leukemia virus (MuLV)-related cell surface antigens and known alloantigens. 7 of the 17 cultured lines expressed the range of(More)