Mark F. Smith

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Pinhole collimators are widely used to image small organs and animals. The sensitivity of knife-edge pinhole collimators has been previously estimated using an "effective diameter" formulation and experimentally described using a sin(x) theta fit, where theta is the angle between the line segment from the center of the aperture to the photon source and its(More)
Multi-modality imaging (such as PET-CT) is rapidly becoming a valuable tool in the diagnosis of disease and in the development of new drugs. Functional images produced with PET, fused with anatomical images created by MRI, allow the correlation of form with function. Perhaps more exciting than the combination of anatomical MRI with PET, is the melding of(More)
Multi-modality imaging is rapidly becoming a valuable tool in the diagnosis of disease and in the development of new drugs. Functional images produced with PET fused with anatomical structure images created by MRI will allow the correlation of form with function. Our group is developing a system to acquire MRI and PET images contemporaneously. The prototype(More)
Generalized matrix inverses are used to estimate source activity distributions from single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) projection measurements. Image reconstructions for a numerical simulation and a clinical brain study are examined. The photon flux from the source region and photon detection by the gamma camera are modeled by matrices which(More)
A fundamentally new family of thermal spray processes has emerged. These new processes, collectively known as very low pressure plasma spray or VLPPS, differ from traditional thermal spray processes in that coatings are deposited at unusually low chamber pressures, typically less than ~800 Pa (6 Torr). Depending upon the specific process, deposition may be(More)
Mice are the perhaps the most common species of rodents used in biomedical research, but many of the current generation of small animal PET scanners are non-optimal for imaging these small rodents due to their relatively low resolution. Consequently, a number of researchers have investigated the development of high-resolution scanners to address this need.(More)
Medical researchers have used structural and functional imaging techniques to study various neurological phenomena. Humans are typically conscious for both structural and functional neuroimaging studies. The use of functional neuro-imaging techniques in mouse-based animal models is typically accomplished with restrained or anesthetized mice. A system was(More)
This thesis is an interdisciplinary investigation of small animals consisting of two parts. First, a comparison of NaI(Tl) and CsI(Tl) pixilated scintillating crystals will be presented based on results of resolution tests performed using 5 " diameter Hamamatsu 5800 PSPMTs. Second, application of the gamma ray detectors will be assessed using a biological(More)
High-resolution single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and X-ray computed tomography (CT) imaging have proven to be useful techniques for non-invasively monitoring mutations and disease progression in small animals. A need to perform in vivo studies of non-anesthetized animals has led to the development of a small-animal imaging system that(More)
Images from dual detector positron emission mammography (PEM) systems are commonly reconstructed by backprojection methods of classical tomography. Characteristics of 3–D PEM images were investigated using analytic models and computer simulations, in particular depth resolution and the quality of images in the third dimension normal to the detectors. These(More)