Mark F. Reynolds

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Haem is essential for living organisms, functioning as a crucial element in the redox-sensitive reaction centre in haemproteins. During the biogenesis of these proteins, the haem cofactor is typically incorporated enzymatically into the haem pockets of the apo-haemprotein as the functionally indispensable prosthetic group. A class of ion channel, the(More)
Electronic absorption, EPR, and resonance Raman spectroscopies revealed that CooA, the CO-sensing transcriptional regulator from Rhodospirillum rubrum, reacts with NO to form a five-coordinate NO-heme. NO must therefore displace both of the heme ligands from six-coordinate, low-spin Fe(II)CooA in forming five-coordinate Fe(II)CooA(NO). CO, in contrast,(More)
The CO-sensing mechanism of the transcription factor CooA from Rhodospirillum rubrum was studied through a systematic mutational analysis of potential heme ligands. Previous electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopic studies on wild-type CooA suggested that oxidized (FeIII) CooA contains a low-spin heme with a thiolate ligand, presumably a(More)
Heme plays critical roles in numerous biological phenomena. Recent evidence has uncovered a new role of heme in cellular signal transduction, and its mechanism involves reversible binding of heme to proteins. This Account highlights the novel function of heme as an intracellular messenger in the regulation of gene expression and ion channel function.
Mn(II)-dependent 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate 2,3-dioxygenase (MndD) is an extradiol-cleaving catechol dioxygenase from Arthrobacter globiformis that has 82% sequence identity to and cleaves the same substrate (3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetic acid) as Fe(II)-dependent 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate 2,3-dioxygenase (HPCD) from Brevibacterium fuscum. We have observed(More)
The manganese-dependent 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate 2,3-dioxygenase (MndD) from Arthrobacter globiformis CM-2 is an extradiol-cleaving catechol dioxygenase that catalyzes aromatic ring cleavage of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate (DHPA). Based on the recent crystal structure of the MndD–DHPA complex, a series of site-directed mutations were made at a conserved(More)
The homoprotocatechuate 2,3-dioxygenase from Arthrobacter globiformis (MndD) catalyzes the oxidative ring cleavage reaction of its catechol substrate in an extradiol fashion. Although this reactivity is more typically associated with non-heme iron enzymes, MndD exhibits an unusual specificity for manganese(II). MndD is structurally very similar to the(More)
Four-coordinate metalloporphyrins activate soluble guanylyl cyclase. Ni(II)PPIX and Cu(II)PPIX are high affinity activators, with activation constants of 24 and 17 nM, respectively. Both metalloporphyrins remain stably bound to the enzyme, enabling spectroscopic characterization of the Ni(II)- and Cu(II)-reconstituted protein. Electronic absorption and(More)
The oxygen-sensing FixL protein from Sinorhizobium meliloti is part of the heme-PAS family of gas sensors that regulate many important signal transduction pathways in a wide variety of organisms. We examined the role of the conserved F(alpha)-9 arginine 200 and several other conserved residues on the proximal F(alpha)-helix in the heme domain of SmFixL*(More)
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