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Prior intracellular recording and labeling experiments have documented local-circuit and projection neurons in the spinal trigeminal (V) nucleus with axons that arborize in more rostral and caudal spinal trigeminal subnuclei and nucleus principalis. Anterograde tracing studies were therefore carried out to assess the origin, extent, distribution, and(More)
This study investigated the axonal projections of whisker-sensitive cells of the spinal trigeminal subnuclei (SP5) in rat oral, interpolar, and caudal divisions (SP5o, SP5i, and SP5c, respectively). The labeling of small groups of trigeminothalamic axons with biotinylated dextran amine disclosed the following classes of axons. 1) Few SP5o cells project to(More)
Cell death was examined by studying the spinal cords of rats subjected to traumatic insults of mild to moderate severity. Within minutes after mild weight drop impact (a 10 gm weight falling 6.25 mm), neurons in the immediate impact area showed a loss of cytoplasmic Nissl substances. Over the next 7 d, this lesion area expanded and cavitated. Terminal(More)
In a companion paper (Jacquin et al., '89), the structure and function of local circuit (LC) neurons in spinal trigeminal (V) subnucleus interpolaris (Sp Vi) were described. The present report provides similar data for 44 projection neurons in Sp Vi. Of these, 25 thalamic, 16 cerebellar, 2 superior collicular, and 1 inferior olivary projecting neurons were(More)
Developing dendritic trees often acquire their mature form by selective pruning and reorientation relative to anatomical boundaries, such as cortical 'barrel' walls. Whether similar constraints are imposed on the developing dendrites of subcortical somatosensory neurons is not clear, although it is known that the cells in trigeminal nucleus principalis(More)
Standard single-unit recording and stimulation techniques were used to assess the topographic organization, receptive field properties, and projections of cells (n = 297) in the ophthalmic-maxillary part of the trigeminal ganglion in 6 normal adult rats and 15 adults with unilateral infraorbital nerve section at birth (cells recorded ipsilateral to lesion:(More)
The thalamus is known to receive single-whisker 'lemniscal' inputs from the trigeminal nucleus principalis (PrV) and multiwhisker 'paralemniscal' inputs from the spinal trigeminal nucleus (SpV), yet the responses of cells in the thalamic ventroposteromedial nucleus (VPM) are most similar to and contingent upon inputs from PrV. This may reflect a(More)
A short period of vibrissae deprivation in an adolescent (approximately 1 month old) rat can lead to depression of the cortical response to stimulation of the regrown vibrissae. In a barrel column representing the deprived vibrissa, depression is greater for neurons located close to the barrel column representing the spared vibrissa. One possible(More)
1. Intra-axonal recording, receptive field mapping, horseradish peroxidase injection, cytochrome oxidase staining, and computer-assisted reconstruction/morphometric methods were used to elucidate the structure and topography of trigeminal primary afferent collaterals in the normal adult rat. Prior studies focused on trigeminal brain stem subnuclei(More)
This study examined the possibility that the excitotoxin-induced death of cultured cortical neurons might occur by apoptosis, specifically focusing on the slowly triggered death induced by low concentrations of excitotoxin. Cultured murine cortical neurons (days in vitro 10-12) were exposed continuously to N-methyl-D-aspartate (10-15 microM),(More)