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There is an increasing need for versatile yet sensitive labels, posed by the demands for low detection in bioanalysis. Bioluminescent proteins have many desirable characteristics, including the ability to be detected at extremely low concentrations; no background interference from autofluorescent compounds present in samples; and compatibility with many(More)
The photoprotein aequorin has been widely used as a bioluminescent label in immunoassays, for the determination of calcium concentrations in vivo, and as a reporter in cellular imaging. It is composed of apoaequorin (189 amino acid residues), the imidazopyrazine chromophore coelenterazine and molecular oxygen. The emission characteristics of aequorin can be(More)
A sensitive and selective sensing system for chlorocatechols (3-chlorocatechol and 4-chlorocatechol) was developed based on Pseudomonas putida bacteria harboring the plasmid pSMM50R-B'. In this plasmid, the regulatory protein of the clc operon, ClcR, controls the expression of the reporter enzyme beta-galactosidase. When bacteria containing components of(More)
The in vivo incorporation of non-natural amino acids into specific sites within proteins has become an extremely powerful tool for bio- and protein chemists in recent years. One avenue that has yet to be explored, however, is whether or not the incorporation of non-natural amino acids can tune the color of light emitted by bioluminescent proteins, whose(More)
Human cardiac troponin I (cTnI) is the preferred biomarker in the assessment of myocardial infarction. It is known to interact with troponin C and T to form a trimeric complex. Whereas small amounts are found in the cytoplasm, most of cTnI is in the form of a complex with actin located in myofilaments. To understand these interactions of cTnI better, we(More)
Bioluminescent labels can be especially useful for in vivo and live animal studies due to the negligible bioluminescence background in cells and most animals, and the non-toxicity of bioluminescent reporter systems. Significant thermal stability of bioluminescent labels is essential, however, due to the longitudinal nature and physiological temperature(More)
The primary objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and the effect of D-tagatose on the glycemic control of subjects with type 2 diabetes as determined by HbA1c levels at the end of 6 months of therapy using the subject's own baseline HbA1c level as a comparator. The determination of the minimal dose required to cause a statistically significant(More)
In this paper, we studied the surface properties of recombinant aequorin at the air-water interface. Using the Langmuir monolayer technique, the surface properties of aequorin were studied, including the surface pressure and surface potential-area isotherms, compression-decompression cycles, and stability on Trizma Base (Tris/HCl) buffer at pH 7.6. The(More)
Homogeneous assays are attractive because they are performed in only one phase, namely, the liquid phase, and thus, they do not require separation of phases as their heterogeneous counterparts do. As opposed to heterogeneous assays, the signal generation in a homogeneous assay is a direct result of analyte binding, which allows the multiple washing and(More)