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A light-entrainable circadian clock controls development and physiology in Neurospora crassa. Existing simple models for resetting based on light pulses (so-called nonparametric entrainment) predict that constant light should quickly send the clock to an arrhythmic state; however, such a clock would be of little use to an organism in changing photoperiods(More)
RNAi technology by feeding of E. coli containing dsRNA in C. elegans has significantly contributed to further our understanding of many different fields, including genetics, molecular biology, developmental biology and functional genomics. Most of this research has been carried out in a single genotype or genetic background. However, RNAi effects in one(More)
Streptococcus thermophilus EU20 when grown on skimmed milk secretes a high-molecular-weight exopolysaccharide that is composed of glucose, galactose and rhamnose in a molar ratio of 2:3:2. Using chemical techniques and 1D and 2D-NMR spectroscopy (1H and 13C) the polysaccharide has been shown to possess a heptasaccharide repeating unit having the following(More)
AIMS To compare galactose-negative strains of Streptococcus thermophilus and Lactobacillus delbrueckii subspecies bulgaricus isolated from fermented milk products and known to produce exopolysaccharides (EPSs). METHODS AND RESULTS The structures of the EPSs were determined using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and their genetic relationships determined(More)
The photoreceptor and PAS/LOV protein VIVID (VVD) modulates blue-light signaling and influences light and temperature responses of the circadian clock in Neurospora crassa. One of the main actions of VVD on the circadian clock is to influence circadian clock phase by regulating levels of the transcripts encoded by the central clock gene frequency (frq). How(More)
The exopolysaccharide (EPS) from Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus EU23 was perdeuteriomethylated and the perdeuteriomethylated EPS (pdm-EPS) purified by elution from a C(18) Sep-Pak cartridge. Both 1D and 2D NMR spectra were recorded for the pdm-EPS and these were interpreted to provide assignments for the individual 1H and 13C resonances of the(More)
The metronomic predictability of the environment has elicited strong selection pressures for the evolution of endogenous circadian clocks. Circadian clocks drive molecular and behavioural rhythms that approximate the 24 h periodicity of our environment. Found almost ubiquitously among phyla, circadian clocks allow preadaptation to rhythms concomitant with(More)
Here, we present WormQTL (http://www.wormqtl.org), an easily accessible database enabling search, comparative analysis and meta-analysis of all data on variation in Caenorhabditis spp. Over the past decade, Caenorhabditis elegans has become instrumental for molecular quantitative genetics and the systems biology of natural variation. These efforts have(More)
Circadian clocks are cellular timekeepers that regulate aspects of temporal organization on daily and seasonal time scales. To allow accurate time measurement, the period lengths of clocks are conserved in a range of temperatures--a phenomenon known as temperature compensation. Temperature compensation of circadian clock period aids in maintaining a stable(More)
Complex traits, including common disease-related traits, are affected by many different genes that function in multiple pathways and networks. The apoptosis, MAPK, Notch, and Wnt signalling pathways play important roles in development and disease progression. At the moment we have a poor understanding of how allelic variation affects gene expression in(More)