Learn More
BACKGROUND Podocytes are highly specialized cells integral to the normal functioning kidney, however, in diabetic nephropathy injury occurs leading to a compromised phenotype and podocyte dysfunction which critically produces podocyte loss with subsequent renal impairment. TGFβ1 holds a major role in the development of diabetic nephropathy. Erk5 is an(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF, CCN2) is a key mediator of tissue fibrosis. CCN2 plays an important role in the development of glomerular and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in progressive kidney diseases. In this review, we discuss the biology of CCN2 with a focus on the regulation of CCN2 gene, cellular mechanisms of profibrotic CCN2 effects and the(More)
Using genome-wide association, we identify common variants at 2p12-p13, 6q26, 17q23 and 19q13 associated with serum creatinine, a marker of kidney function (P = 10(-10) to 10(-15)). Of these, rs10206899 (near NAT8, 2p12-p13) and rs4805834 (near SLC7A9, 19q13) were also associated with chronic kidney disease (P = 5.0 x 10(-5) and P = 3.6 x 10(-4),(More)
In chronic renal diseases, progressive loss of renal function correlates with advancing tubulo-interstitial fibrosis. TGFbeta1-Smad (transforming growth factor-beta1-Sma and Mad protein) signalling plays an important role in the development of renal tubulo-interstitial fibrosis. Secretion of CTGF (connective-tissue growth factor; CCN2) by PTECs(More)
Renal physiology and pathology are complex systems that are best studied in whole living organisms. This, however, is often restricted by our desire to limit the number of animal experiments undertaken and to replace them with relevant in vitro models that can be used as surrogates for the system under test. Primary culture cells are derived directly from(More)
The role of the MAP kinase, extracellular signal-regulated kinase 5 (ERK5) remains unknown, however it is involved in cell differentiation and survival as highlighted by the embryonic lethality of the ERK5 knockout. ERK5 can be activated by growth factors and other extracellular signals. TGF-beta, a powerful controller of epithelial cell phenotype, is known(More)
The physiological role of endogenous nitric oxide in regulation of renal function in humans is unclear. Eight healthy men received an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA, 3 mg/kg), and saline placebo intravenously on two occasions. L-NMMA significantly increased mean arterial pressure (+7%) and total peripheral resistance(More)
There is increasing evidence that extracellular ATP acting on purinoceptors may play an important signalling role in renal epithelial cells, often through alterations in cellular Ca(2+). In this paper effects of extracellular ATP and related purinoceptor agonists and antagonists on [Ca(2+)](i) have been studied in single cells from primary cultures of rat(More)
Development of an outpatient finger-prick glomerular filtration rate (GFR) procedure suitable for epidemiological studies. In clinical practice, reference GFR procedures are rarely used; in large-scale research studies, a great deal of effort and experience is required to obtain them, which is a considerable disincentive to using GFR as an end point. The(More)
BACKGROUND Exogenous tracer-based methods of measuring glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are difficult to perform, whilst creatinine-based estimation formulae are inaccurate. METHODS We assessed a new technique of measuring iohexol clearance using timed dried capillary blood spots. A reference GFR was measured in 81 subjects (GFR 15-124 ml/min/1.73 m(2))(More)