Mark Edward Carl Dockrell

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Using genome-wide association, we identify common variants at 2p12-p13, 6q26, 17q23 and 19q13 associated with serum creatinine, a marker of kidney function (P = 10(-10) to 10(-15)). Of these, rs10206899 (near NAT8, 2p12-p13) and rs4805834 (near SLC7A9, 19q13) were also associated with chronic kidney disease (P = 5.0 x 10(-5) and P = 3.6 x 10(-4),(More)
BACKGROUND End-stage renal failure is associated with a low-output cardiomyopathy, left ventricular hypertrophy and increased QTc dispersion. Cardiac dysfunction is prevalent in patients at the beginning of dialysis and is an important predictor of mortality. Ca(2+) influx through voltage-gated L-type Ca(2+) channels plays a key role in the(More)
Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF, CCN2) is a key mediator of tissue fibrosis. CCN2 plays an important role in the development of glomerular and tubulointerstitial fibrosis in progressive kidney diseases. In this review, we discuss the biology of CCN2 with a focus on the regulation of CCN2 gene, cellular mechanisms of profibrotic CCN2 effects and the(More)
BACKGROUND Podocytes are highly specialized cells integral to the normal functioning kidney, however, in diabetic nephropathy injury occurs leading to a compromised phenotype and podocyte dysfunction which critically produces podocyte loss with subsequent renal impairment. TGFβ1 holds a major role in the development of diabetic nephropathy. Erk5 is an(More)
Proteinuria predicts the decline of renal function in chronic kidney disease. Reducing albuminuria has been shown to be associated with a reduction in this rate of decline. Proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs), when exposed to albumin produce matrix proteins, proinflammatory and profibrotic cytokines like TGF-beta(1). Some of these effects are(More)
In chronic renal diseases, progressive loss of renal function correlates with advancing tubulo-interstitial fibrosis. TGFbeta1-Smad (transforming growth factor-beta1-Sma and Mad protein) signalling plays an important role in the development of renal tubulo-interstitial fibrosis. Secretion of CTGF (connective-tissue growth factor; CCN2) by PTECs(More)
The physiological role of endogenous nitric oxide in regulation of renal function in humans is unclear. Eight healthy men received an inhibitor of nitric oxide synthase, N(G)-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA, 3 mg/kg), and saline placebo intravenously on two occasions. L-NMMA significantly increased mean arterial pressure (+7%) and total peripheral resistance(More)
Development of an outpatient finger-prick glomerular filtration rate (GFR) procedure suitable for epidemiological studies. In clinical practice, reference GFR procedures are rarely used; in large-scale research studies, a great deal of effort and experience is required to obtain them, which is a considerable disincentive to using GFR as an end point. The(More)
The basic-Helix-Loop-Helix family (bHLH) of transcriptional factors plays a major role in regulating cellular proliferation, differentiation and phenotype maintenance. The downregulation of one of the members of bHLH family protein, inhibitor of DNA binding 2 (Id2) has been shown to induce de-differentiation of epithelial cells. Opposing regulators of(More)
Bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) are potent inducers of proinflammatory signaling pathways via the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), causing changes in the processes that control lung fluid homeostasis and contributing to the pathogenesis of lung disease. In human H441 airway epithelial cells,(More)