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OBJECTIVE To reevaluate platelet serotonin (5-HT) levels in autism, measuring and controlling for effects of race and puberty. The specificity of hyperserotonemia for autism versus cognitive impairment is also assessed. METHOD Platelet 5-HT levels were measured in 77 individuals, aged 2 through 37 years, with autistic disorder; 65 normal controls; and 22(More)
Plasma levels of the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis hormones beta-endorphin (BE), adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), and cortisol were measured in autistic (N = 48), mentally retarded/cognitively impaired (MR/CI, N = 16), and normal control (N = 26) individuals. Comparison of log transformed data from the three groups revealed that levels of BE and(More)
The brain-blood partition coefficient (log BB) is a determining factor for the efficacy of central nervous system acting drugs. Since large-scale experimental determination of log BB is unfeasible, alternative evaluation methods based on theoretical models are desirable. Toward this direction, we propose a model that correlates log BB with physically(More)
This study examined the concurrent validity of the Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) in relation to the Depression (D) scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) and addressed a gap in the literature with respect to diagnostic discrimination. The participants were persons on probation or parole. Although women were more(More)
An array of six photographs of the same woman was used to assess the ability of 18 autistic, 14 nonautistic mentally retarded, and 18 normal preschool subjects to use affect- and activity-related concepts in the solution of cognitive tasks. The Total Performance Level of the autistic and mentally retarded subjects did not differ significantly. Autistic(More)
DSM-III and DSM-III-R diagnoses of 112 developmentally disordered preschool children were compared. There was no significant difference between the DSM-III and DSM-III-R diagnosis of the inclusive category of pervasive developmental disorder, but nearly twice as many cases (58) were diagnosed as autistic disorder by DSM-III-R criteria as were diagnosed as(More)
Protein-folding potentials, designed with the explicit goal that the global energy minimum correspond to crystallographically observed conformations of protein molecules, may offer great promise toward calculating native protein structures. Achieving this promise, however, depends on finding an effective means of dealing with the multiple-minimum problem(More)