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Triclosan is a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent that inhibits bacterial fatty acid synthesis at the enoyl-acyl carrier protein reductase (FabI) step. Resistance to triclosan in Escherichia coli is acquired through a missense mutation in the fabI gene that leads to the expression of FabI[G93V]. The specific activity and substrate affinities of FabI[G93V](More)
Ras farnesylation by farnesyl protein transferase (FPT) is an intracellular event that facilitates the membrane association of the ras protein and is involved in the signal transduction process. FPT inhibition could be a novel, noncytotoxic method of treating ras dependent tumor growth. We report here three structural classes of(More)
We describe a largely automatic procedure for building protein structures from sequence alignments with homologues of known structure. This procedure uses simple rules by which multiple sequence alignments can be translated into distance and chirality constraints, which are then used as input for distance geometry calculations. By this means one obtains an(More)
The brain-blood partition coefficient (log BB) is a determining factor for the efficacy of central nervous system acting drugs. Since large-scale experimental determination of log BB is unfeasible, alternative evaluation methods based on theoretical models are desirable. Toward this direction, we propose a model that correlates log BB with physically(More)
Protein-folding potentials, designed with the explicit goal that the global energy minimum correspond to crystallographically observed conformations of protein molecules, may offer great promise toward calculating native protein structures. Achieving this promise, however, depends on finding an effective means of dealing with the multiple-minimum problem(More)
A thermodynamic analysis using isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC) has been performed to examine the binding interaction between the SH2 (Src homology 2) domain of growth factor receptor binding protein 2 (Grb2-SH2) and one of its phosphotyrosine (pY) polypeptide ligands. Interaction of the Shc-derived phosphotyrosine hexapeptide Ac-SpYVNVQ-NH2 with(More)
Generation of a three-dimensional pharmacophore model (hypothesis) that correlates the biological activity of a series of farnesyl protein transferase (FPT) inhibitors, exemplified by the prototype 1-(4-pyridylacetyl)- 4-(8-chloro-5,6-dihydro-11H-benzo [5,6]cyclohepta[1,2-b]pyridin-11-ylidene)piperidine, Sch 44342, 1, with their chemical structure was(More)
The nucleotide exchange process is one of the key activation steps regulating the ras protein. This report describes the development of potent, non-nucleotide, small organic inhibitors of the ras nucleotide exchange process. These inhibitors bind to the ras protein in a previously unidentified binding pocket, without displacing bound nucleotide. This report(More)
The antibacterial target enoyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) reductase is a homotetrameric enzyme that catalyzes the last reductive step of fatty acid biosynthesis. In the present paper, four 2-(2-hydroxyphenoxy)phenol inhibitors, wherein the 4-position substituent varied from H to n-propyl, were studied to determine the contribution of the aliphatic chain to(More)