Mark E Pinchalk

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Vasopressin administration has been suggested during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and a previous clinical trial has suggested that vasopressin is most effective when administered with epinephrine. Adult subjects (n = 325) who received > or =1 dose of intravenous epinephrine during cardiopulmonary resuscitation for nontraumatic, out-of-hospital cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND The nature of the trauma patient's injuries may compromise the airway and ultimately lead to death or neurological devastation. The same injuries complicate protecting the airway in these patients by preventing manipulation of the cervical spine for direct laryngoscopy. A recent study has shown that misplaced endotracheal tubes occur(More)
INTRODUCTION Endotracheal intubation (ETI) in the prehospital setting poses unique challenges where multiple ETI attempts are associated with adverse patient outcomes. Early identification of difficult ETI cases will allow providers to tailor airway-management efforts to minimize complications associated with ETI. We sought to derive and validate a(More)
BACKGROUND Prior studies have related prehospital endotracheal intubation (ETI) difficulty to paramedic visualization of the vocal cords using the Cormack-Lehane (C-L) scale. However, the reliability of paramedic C-L ratings has not been formally studied. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the reliability of C-L and a more recently described scale, percentage of(More)
Airway management, including endotracheal intubation, is considered one of the most important aspects of prehospital medical care. This concept paper proposes a systematic algorithm for performing prehospital airway management. The algorithm may be valuable as a tool for ensuring patient safety and reducing errors as well as for training rescuers in airway(More)
BACKGROUND Hazardous materials technicians may be required to wear fully encapsulated vapor-resistant (Level A) personal protective equipment (PPE) to contain and mitigate a hazardous materials emergency. It is commonly taught and practiced in hazardous material technician courses that if the wearer's self-contained breathing apparatus (SCBA) fails, the(More)
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