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The solvent-extractable lipids of human epidermal stratum corneum consist predominantly of ceramides. In addition two non-extractable ceramides are chemically bound to the stratum corneum protein. One of the bound ceramides, constituting 50% of the bound lipids, was previously shown to consist of very long chan omega-hydroxyacids in amide linkage with(More)
Comedonal lipids and skin surface lipids were collected from six acne patients and surface lipids were collected from sex- and age-matched controls without acne. Six series of ceramides were found in each sample, the relative amounts of which were determined by thin-layer chromatography/photodensitometry. Acylceramides (ceramide 1) were isolated by(More)
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN Increases in sebaceous gland activity are often the earliest sign of the approach of puberty in children. These increases have been attributed to increases in the secretion of adrenal androgens, but the supporting data are sparse and are based on measurements of urinary, rather than serum, androgen concentrations. In this study, we(More)
Ceramides containing 6-hydroxysphingosine, a previously unknown long-chain base, have recently been found in human skin. The present study investigated whether human skin also contains 6-hydroxysphingosine as the free base. Human skin surface lipids were obtained by washing with ethanol. A fraction enriched in sphingoid bases was isolated by preparative(More)
Sustainable rates of sebum secretion were measured in twelve subjects with inflammatory acne and in twelve control subjects, matched in age and gender, who had no significant signs of acne. The measurements were made after first depleting the skin of an accumulation of previously secreted sebum by absorption into adherent layers of bentonite clay applied to(More)
A new ceramide consisting of 6-hydroxysphingosine linked to a non-hydroxyacid was found in human epidermal lipid. This ceramide was sought because its fatty acid and sphingoid moieties are present in other combinations in human epidermal ceramides. To isolate the new ceramide, the mixture of ceramides in human epidermal lipid was first separated into(More)
Acne is characterized by hyperkeratosis of the follicular epithelium, leading to horny impactions that may lie dormant as open or closed comedones or may cause inflammation of the follicle. Although persons with acne have consistently been observed to have elevated levels of sebum secretion, no mechanism relating sebum secretion rates to comedogenesis is(More)