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OBJECTIVES To report population-based prevalence of hearing impairment based on speech recognition in noise testing in a large and inclusive sample of U.K. adults aged 40 to 69 years. The present study is the first to report such data. Prevalence of tinnitus and use of hearing aids is also reported. DESIGN The research was conducted using the UK Biobank(More)
Maximum length sequences (MLS) have been used to improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of otoacoustic emissions [Thornton, J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 94, 132-136 (1993)] and the auditory brainstem response [Thornton and Slaven, Br. J. Audiol. 27, 205-210 (1993)]. By implication, a shorter recording time would be required to give equal signal-to-noise ratio(More)
Categories of Auditory Performance (CAP) describes a scale used to rate outcomes from paediatric cochlear implantation in everyday life. It differs from more technical measures by being readily applied and easily understood by non-specialist professionals and by parents. Being based on subjective assessments, there is a need to establish whether ratings by(More)
OBJECTIVE Cochlear implants for children are known to have impact on the lives of recipients and their families in a variety of ways. To obtain a clearer picture of these benefits, we explored the quality of life of 36 Finnish children and their families 2-3 years after unilateral cochlear implantation. METHODS The studied children were, on average 5(More)
International standards define normal hearing threshold levels (HTLs) and many studies describe speech recognition in noise (SRN) for adults. Less has been published on these characteristics for children. This study aims to establish ranges of HTLs and SRN for otologically normal 7-year-olds. Air conduction HTLs were measured in 189 7-year-olds within an(More)
The advent of bilateral cochlear implants (CIs) has increased interest in learning on binaural tasks, and studies in normal-hearing listeners provide important background information. However, few studies have considered learning with discrimination of interaural time difference (ITD). Here, learning with ITD was explored using stimuli that are more(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify binaural advantage for auditory localization in the horizontal plane by bilateral cochlear implant (CI) recipients. Also, to determine whether the use of dual microphones with one implant improves localization. METHODS Twenty subjects from the UK multicenter trial of bilateral cochlear implantation with Nucleus 24 K/M device were(More)
An 11-year-old boy was identified as having a profound sensorineural hearing loss accompanied by clear click-evoked otoacoustic emissions. Further diagnostic testing by means of electrocochleography and auditory brainstem responses indicated a predominantly retrocochlear disorder with good cochlear function. However, radiological investigation ruled out the(More)
The feasibility of using evoked oto-acoustic emission (EOAE) measurement for intra-operative monitoring of cochlear function was assessed during removal of an acoustic neuroma in a 53-year-old woman with normal hearing on the operated side prior to surgery. The high level of noise in the operating theatre was the only material problem encountered and this(More)