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The deep cerebellar nuclei (DCN) are a key element of the cortico-cerebellar loop. Because of their small size and functional diversity, it is difficult to study them using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). To overcome these difficulties, we present here three related methodological advances. First, we used susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) at a(More)
OBJECTIVE With the successful implementation of ultra-high-field imaging in neuro- and musculoskeletal imaging, the interest of scientific research expanded toward whole-body applications. The aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of dynamic contrast-enhanced renal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) at 7 Tesla (T), with optimization and(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the diffusive properties of adjacent muscles at rest, and to determine the relationship between diffusive and architectural properties, which are task-specific to muscles. The principle, second, and third eigenvalues, trace of the diffusion tensor, and two anisotropic parameters, ellipsoid eccentricity (e) and fractional(More)
Dum and Strick (J. Neurophysiol. 2003; 89, 634-639) proposed a division of the cerebellar dentate nucleus into a "motor" and "non-motor" area based on anatomical data in the monkey. We asked the question whether motor and non-motor domains of the dentate can be found in humans using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Therefore dentate activation(More)
fMRI is one of the most likely applications to benefit from high field MRI. It profits from the higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and increased BOLD contrast itself. However, this sensitivity to susceptibility brings with it problems, e.g. in-plane dephasing and signal dropouts near tissue-air boundaries. Therefore, most fMRI studies at 7 T focus on high(More)
As the field strength and, therefore, the operational frequency in MRI is increased, the wavelength approaches the size of the human head/body, resulting in wave effects, which cause signal decreases and dropouts. Several multichannel approaches have been proposed to try to tackle these problems, including RF shimming, where each element in an array is(More)
Previous anatomical studies in monkeys have shown that forelimb motor representation is located caudal to hindlimb representation within the dorso-rostral dentate nucleus. Here we investigate human dentate nucleus motor somatotopy by means of ultra-highfield (7 T) functional magnetic brain imaging (fMRI). Twenty five young healthy males participated in the(More)
The diffusive properties of adjacent muscles at rest were evaluated in male (n = 12) and female (n = 12) subjects using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). The principle, second and third eigenvalues, trace of the diffusion tensor [Tr(D)], and two anisotropic parameters, ellipsoid eccentricity (e) and fractional anisotropy (FA), of various muscles in the human(More)
MR elastography (MRE) has been shown to be capable of non-invasively measuring tissue elasticity even in deep-lying regions. Although limited studies have already been published examining in vivo muscle elasticity, it is still not clear over what range the in vivo elasticity values vary. The present study intends to produce further information by examining(More)
Cortical reactions to rare task-related stimuli have been studied with electrophysiological methods in the assessment of the P300 component as well as in functional imaging studies with regard to oddball tasks. While functional magnetic resonance imaging studies using auditory stimuli have to deal with interference between auditory stimuli and scanner(More)