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This study evaluated the impact of extra-task stimulation on the academic task performance of children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Twenty boys with ADHD and 20 nondisabled boys worked on an arithmetic task during high stimulation (music), low stimulation (speech), and no stimulation (silence). The music "distractors" were(More)
Services. The study would not have been possible without their ongoing cooperation and early financial support. We also want to acknowledge the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, which funded the fifth wave of survey data collection and analysis, as well as the Annie E. previously provided funding for the Midwest Study. Finally, we would like to thank the(More)
D. Wayne Osgood, E. Michael Foster, and Mark E. Courtney examine the transition to adulthood for youth involved in social service and justice systems during childhood and adolescence. They survey the challenges faced by youth in the mental health system, the foster care system, the juvenile justice system, the criminal justice system, and special education,(More)
(1994). From child abuse to permanency planning: Child welfare services, pathways and placements. New York: Aldine de Gruyter. Baumrind, D. (1983). Rejoinder to Lewis's reinterpretation of parental firm control effects: are authoritative families really harmonious? Adult functioning of children who lived in kin versus nonrelative family foster homes. A(More)
iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The conceptual framework described in this report was produced as the culmination of ACF's Youth Demonstration Development project and reflects the efforts of many individuals. Our thanks go especially to Health and Human Services, who continually provided excellent oversight and thoughtful guidance. We are grateful to ACF staff at the(More)
This study evaluated the accuracy of teachers' ratings and examined whether these ratings are influenced by halo effects. One hundred thirty-nine elementary school teachers viewed videotapes of what they believed were children in regular fourth-grade classrooms. In fact, the children were actors who followed prepared scripts that depicted a child engaging(More)
This study examines a sample of foster youth at the onset of the transition to adulthood and explores how social bonds are related to the risk of arrest during adulthood. Drawing from official arrest records, event history models are used to examine the time to arrest. Because individuals may be at risk for different types of crime, competing risk(More)
To provide better customer service, NCJRS has made this Federally-funded grant final report available electronically in addition to traditional paper copies. Opinions or points of view expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.
This study investigated whether more complex maltreatment experiences predicted higher levels of depressive symptomatology for young adults and examined the role of social support during late adolescence in that association. Specifically, the study tested whether social support had a direct effect on depression and whether it mediated and/or moderated the(More)
The financing structure of any large public service system both reveals the priorities held by policymakers and drives the delivery of services. Of the $11.2 billion in public funds for child welfare services, somewhat less than half is federal. As this article explains, federal funds for child welfare overwhelmingly go to support out-of-home care (foster(More)