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OBJECTIVE Optical coherence tomography (OCT), a new method of high resolution imaging, has shown feasibility for assessing articular cartilage to identify early changes in osteoarthritis (OA) and monitor therapy. OCT is analogous to ultrasound, measuring the intensity of backreflected infrared light rather than sound. The resolution of this technology is up(More)
Optical coherence tomography is a new imaging technique that can perform high-resolution, micrometre-scale, cross-sectional imaging in biological systems. The technology has been developed, and reduced to, preliminary clinical practice in ophthalmology. The challenging problem that OCT may address is the development of 'optical biopsy' techniques. These(More)
Current medical imaging technologies allow visualization of tissue anatomy in the human body at resolutions ranging from 100 micrometers to 1 millimeter. These technologies are generally not sensitive enough to detect early-stage tissue abnormalities associated with diseases such as cancer and atherosclerosis, which require micrometer-scale resolution.(More)
Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is an emerging technology for performing high-resolution cross-sectional imaging. OCT is analogous to ultrasound imaging, except that it uses light instead of sound. OCT can provide cross-sectional images of tissue structure on the micron scale in situ and in real time. Using OCT in combination with catheters and(More)
A Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:Al(2)O(3) oscillator, optimized for minimal coherence length, is demonstrated as a high-power source for high-resolution optical coherence tomographic imaging. Dispersion compensation and heterodyne noise rejection are demonstrated to yield in situ images of biological tissues with 3.7-mum resolution and 93-dB dynamic range.
OBJECTIVE We describe optical coherence tomography (OCT), a high resolution micron scale imaging technology, for assessment of osteoarthritic articular cartilage microstructure. OCT is analogous to ultrasound, measuring the intensity of backreflected infrared light rather than acoustical waves. METHODS OCT imaging was performed on over 100 sites on 20(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate optical coherence tomographic elastography as a method for assessing the elastic properties of atherosclerotic plaque and the parameters that influence interpretation. METHODS Phantoms and aorta were examined in vitro to quantify speckle modulation and measure the displacement and strain maps. A correlation method was used as a(More)
This study demonstrates the first real-time imaging in vivo of human cartilage in normal and osteoarthritic knee joints at a resolution of micrometers, using optical coherence tomography (OCT). This recently developed high-resolution imaging technology is analogous to B-mode ultrasound except that it uses infrared light rather than sound. Real-time imaging(More)