Mark E. Berg

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Recent theoretical and empirical developments in human category learning have differentiated an analytic, rule-based system of category learning from a nonanalytic system that integrates information across stimulus dimensions. In the present study, the researchers applied this theoretical distinction to pigeons' category learning. Pigeons learned to(More)
Categorization is essential for survival, and it is a widely studied cognitive adaptation in humans and animals. An influential neuroscience perspective differentiates in humans an explicit, rule-based categorization system from an implicit system that slowly associates response outputs to different regions of perceptual space. This perspective is being(More)
In Phase 1, 4 pigeons were trained on a three-component multiple concurrent-chains procedure in which components differed only in terms of relative terminal-link entry rate. The terminal links were variable-interval schedules and were varied across four conditions to produce immediacy ratios of 4:1, 1:4, 2:1, and 1:2. Relative terminal-link entry rate and(More)
We tested a prediction that females' duration estimates of briefly-viewed male, but not female, photos would be modulated by attractiveness. Twenty-seven female participants viewed sequences of five stimuli of identical duration in which the first four were sine-wave gratings (Gabor discs) and the fifth was either the same sine-wave grating (control trials)(More)
Titanium (Ti) and Ti alloys are used in orthopaedic/spine applications where biological implant fixation, or osseointegration, is required for long-term stability. These implants employ macro-scale features to provide mechanical stability until arthrodesis, features that are too large to influence healing at the cellular level. Micron-scale rough Ti alloy(More)
Six pigeons responded in a visual category learning task in which the stimuli were dimensionally separable Gabor patches that varied in frequency and orientation. We compared performance in two conditions which varied in terms of whether accurate performance required that responding be controlled jointly by frequency and orientation, or selectively by(More)
Initial-link response allocation in concurrent chains becomes less extreme as the absolute duration of the initial links increases (Fantino, 1969). The present study asked whether initial-link duration affected how quickly response allocation reached asymptote (i.e., acquisition of preference). Six pigeons were trained on a concurrent-chains procedure in(More)
Errorless learning is a technique developed by Terrace [Terrace, H.S., 1963a. Discrimination training with and without "errors". J. Exp. Anal. Behav. 6, 1-27] to train stimulus discriminations with few or no errors. In the first replication of the original findings, errorless learning was also shown to transfer successfully between two visual(More)
We report two experiments which test whether resistance to prefeeding and satiation for a variable-interval (VI) schedule that delivers a constant rate of reinforcement varies inversely with the reinforcement rate for an alternative schedule. In Experiment 1, eight pigeons responded in a multiple schedule in which the red key was always associated with a VI(More)
F. Gregory Ashby Department of Psychology, University of California at Santa Barbara Mark E. Berg Richard Stockton College of New Jersey Matthew S. Murphy Department of Psychology, Tufts University Brian Spiering Department of Psychology, University of California at Santa Barbara Robert G. Cook Department of Psychology, Tufts University Randolph C. Grace(More)