Mark E. Astill

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Many methodologies have been used in research to identify the “intrinsic” subtypes of breast cancer commonly known as Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-Enriched (HER2-E) and Basal-like. The PAM50 gene set is often used for gene expression-based subtyping; however, surrogate subtyping using panels of immunohistochemical (IHC) markers are still widely used(More)
We developed a multiplexed indirect immunofluorescent assay for antibodies to pneumococcal polysaccharides (PnPs) based on the Luminex multiple analyte profiling system (Luminex, Austin, TX). The assay simultaneously determines serum IgG concentrations to 14 PnPs serotypes: 1, 3, 4, 5, 6B, 7F, 8, 9N, 9V, 12F; 14, 18C, 19F, and 23F. To assess the specificity(More)
Three types of autoantibodies against the acetylcholine receptors (AChR) of skeletal muscle are detectable in patients with myasthenia gravis including binding, blocking, and modulating anti-AChR antibodies. Modulating autoantibodies correlate best with the severity of the disease, but are also technically most difficult to measure because the assay(More)
Myasthenia gravis (MG) 1 is a well-characterized autoimmune disease with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 5000 individuals (1). The clinical presentation varies from mild weakness of limited muscle groups (class I or ocular MG) to severe weakness of multiple muscle groups (class V or severe generalized MG). Detection of autoantibodies to the neuromuscular(More)
Using a serum enzyme immunoassay (EIA) kit from Triton diagnostics we detected c-erbB-2 oncoprotein activity in random sera containing highly elevated tumor markers and also in serial specimens from cancer patients expressing elevated oncoprotein activities. Elevated oncoprotein activity was found not only in sera of breast and ovarian carcinomas but also(More)
Using a commercial kit with antibodies against the ectodomain of c-erbB-2 protein, we detected c-erbB-2 immunoreactivity in human serum. We found that the percentages of patients with elevated serum c-erbB-2 immunoreactivities were 35, 21, and 9% in breast, prostate, and ovarian carcinoma, respectively. The majority of the elevated immunoreactivities were(More)
We have identified and characterized c-erbB-2 protein molecules in sera from patients with carcinomas, in both cytosol and cell membrane extract from breast tumor tissue and in both the culture medium and cell extract of the SK-BR-3 cell line. These proteins were characterized by various chromatographic techniques and identified by the use of two(More)
We monitored both chromogranin A (CgA) and neuron specific enolase (NSE) in serial serum specimens from 14 patients with prostate cancer (CAP patients) showing resistance to hormonal treatment. Elevated serum CgA was detected in 10 out of these 14 patients (71%) during treatment, and an early appearance of elevated serum CgA was found in 6 of 14 (43%) of(More)
We made an effort to identify a reliable source for obtaining large quantities of both free (PSA) and PSA-ACT complex for the preparation of the calibrator for the PSA assay. Using size exclusion chromatography, we found both free PSA and PSA-ACT complex in the conditioned cell medium of the LNCaP cell line, which was derived from a human metastatic(More)
Both high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) and polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis-immunoblotting (PAGE-immunoblotting) procedures have been established for the study of isoforms of free prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and the complex formation between free PSA and protease inhibitors, and for the evaluation of the specificities of various anti-PSA(More)