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The instantaneous noise-free linear mixing model in independent component analysis is largely a solved problem under the usual assumption of independent nongaussian sources and full column rank mixing matrix. However, with some prior information on the sources, like positivity, new analysis and perhaps simplified solution methods may yet become possible. In(More)
This paper describes a newly-launched public evaluation challenge on acoustic scene classification and detection of sound events within a scene. Systems dealing with such tasks are far from exhibiting human-like performance and robustness. Undermining factors are numerous: the extreme variability of sources of interest possibly interfering, the presence of(More)
We present a simple and efficient method for beat tracking of musical audio. With the aim of replicating the human ability of tapping in time to music, we formulate our approach using a two state model. The first state performs tempo induction and tracks tempo changes, while the second maintains contextual continuity within a single tempo hypothesis. Beat(More)
We present a system for adaptive spectral basis decomposition that learns to identify independent spectral features given a sequence of short-term Fourier spectra. When applied to recordings of polyphonic piano music, the individual notes are identified as salient features, and hence each short-term spectrum is decomposed into a sum of note spectra; the(More)
We investigate the conditions for which nonnegative matrix factorization (NMF) is unique and introduce several theorems which can determine whether the decomposition is in fact unique or not. The theorems are illustrated by several examples showing the use of the theorems and their limitations. We have shown that corruption of a unique NMF matrix by(More)
In this article, we present an account of the state of the art in acoustic scene classification (ASC), the task of classifying environments from the sounds they produce. Starting from a historical review of previous research in this area, we define a general framework for ASC and present different implementations of its components. We then describe a range(More)
We consider the task of solving the independent component analysis (ICA) problem x=As given observations x, with a constraint of nonnegativity of the source random vector s. We refer to this as nonnegative independent component analysis and we consider methods for solving this task. For independent sources with nonzero probability density function (pdf)(More)
—Sparse representations have proved a powerful tool in the analysis and processing of audio signals and already lie at the heart of popular coding standards such as MP3 and Dolby AAC. In this paper we give an overview of a number of current and emerging applications of sparse representations in areas from audio coding, audio enhancement and music(More)