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Certain symptoms of grief have been shown (a) to be distinct from bereavement-related depression and anxiety, and (b) to predict long-term functional impairments. We termed these symptoms of "complicated grief" and developed the Inventory of Complicated Grief (ICG) to assess them. Data were derived from 97 conjugally bereaved elders who completed the ICG,(More)
The relationship of the serotonin transporter gene promoter region polymorphism (5-HTTLPR) to antidepressant response was examined in 95 elderly patients receiving a protocolized treatment for depression with paroxetine or nortriptyline. Patients were treated for up to 12 weeks and assessed weekly with clinical ratings and measurements of plasma drug(More)
Reliable quantitative ratings of chronic medical illness burden have proved to be difficult in geropsychiatric practice and research. Thus, the purpose of the study was to demonstrate the feasibility and reliability of a modified version of the Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS; Linn et al., 1968) in providing quantitative ratings of chronic illness(More)
OBJECTIVE This study examined the effects of maintenance treatment for late-life depression on social adjustment. The authors hypothesized that elderly patients recovering from depression would have better social adjustment with medication and interpersonal psychotherapy than with medication or psychotherapy alone. METHOD Patients aged 60 and older(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors tested the hypothesis that nortriptyline and interpersonal psychotherapy, alone and in combination, are superior to placebo in achieving remission of bereavement-related major depressive episodes. METHOD Eighty subjects, aged 50 years and older, with major depressive episodes that began within 6 months before or 12 months after the(More)
BACKGROUND Comorbid anxiety is common in depressive disorders in both middle and late life, and it affects response to antidepressant treatment. AIMS To examine whether anxiety symptoms predict acute and maintenance (2 years) treatment response in late-life depression. METHOD Data were drawn from a randomised double-blind study of pharmacotherapy and(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical effect and safety of low-dose buprenorphine, a κ-opioid receptor antagonist, for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) in midlife and older adults. METHOD In an 8-week open-label study, buprenorphine was prescribed for 15 adults aged 50 years or older with TRD, diagnosed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV,(More)
BACKGROUND Some studies have suggested that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors may be less efficacious than tricyclic antidepressants in the treatment of severe depression in older patients. The objective of this study was to compare the 6-week outcome of treatment with nortriptyline and paroxetine in older patients with a major depressive episode. (More)
BACKGROUND Findings from a recent large study suggest that perchlorate at commonly occurring exposure concentrations may decrease thyroid hormone levels in some women. Decreases in thyroid hormone seen with perchlorate exposure could be even greater in people with concomitant exposure to agents such as thiocyanate that may affect the thyroid by mechanisms(More)