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Sudden cardiac death exhibits diurnal variation in both acquired and hereditary forms of heart disease, but the molecular basis of this variation is unknown. A common mechanism that underlies susceptibility to ventricular arrhythmias is abnormalities in the duration (for example, short or long QT syndromes and heart failure) or pattern (for example,(More)
Antiarrhythmic drugs are a group of pharmaceuticals that suppress or prevent abnormal heart rhythms, which are often associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Current antiarrhythmic drugs that typically target plasma membrane ion channels have limited clinical success and in some cases have been described as being pro-arrhythmic. However, recent(More)
While human malignant mesothelioma is extremely resistant to chemotherapy, its intrinsic resistance mechanisms remain largely unknown. In this study, we used normal human mesothelial cells and 5 human mesothelioma cell lines not previously exposed to chemotherapeutic agents to demonstrate that the mRNA for the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP)(More)
RATIONALE Junctional membrane complexes (JMCs) in myocytes are critical microdomains, in which excitation-contraction coupling occurs. Structural and functional disruption of JMCs underlies contractile dysfunction in failing hearts. However, the role of newly identified JMC protein SPEG (striated muscle preferentially expressed protein kinase) remains(More)
BACKGROUND approximately half of patients with heart failure die suddenly as a result of ventricular arrhythmias. Although abnormal Ca(2+) release from the sarcoplasmic reticulum through ryanodine receptors (RyR2) has been linked to arrhythmogenesis, the molecular mechanisms triggering release of arrhythmogenic Ca(2+) remain unknown. We tested the(More)
Voltage-gated Kv1.1 channels encoded by the Kcna1 gene are traditionally regarded as being neural-specific with no known expression or intrinsic functional role in the heart. However, recent studies in mice reveal low-level Kv1.1 expression in heart and cardiac abnormalities associated with Kv1.1-deficiency suggesting that the channel may have a previously(More)
The most common arrhythmia requiring drug treatment is atrial fibrillation (AF), which affects 2 to 5 million Americans and continues to be a major cause of morbidity and increased mortality. Despite recent advances in catheter-based and surgical therapies, antiarrhythmic drugs continue to be the mainstay of therapy for most patients with symptomatic AF.(More)
Arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathies are a heterogeneous group of pathological conditions that give rise to myocardial dysfunction with an increased risk for atrial or ventricular arrhythmias. Inherited defects in cardiomyocyte proteins in the sarcomeric contractile apparatus, the cytoskeleton and desmosomal cell-cell contact junctions are becoming recognized(More)
In this study, we investigated the mechanism of the loss or decreased expression of beta 2-microglobulin (beta 2m) in several drug-resistant sublines of MCF-7 and in a doxorubicin (DOX)-resistant variant of the T-47D breast cancer cell line. beta 2m protein and RNA are not expressed in highly metastatic, multidrug-resistant MCF-7/Adr cells with high(More)
Rett syndrome is a neurodevelopmental disorder typically caused by mutations in methyl-CpG-binding protein 2 (MECP2) in which 26% of deaths are sudden and of unknown cause. To explore the hypothesis that these deaths may be due to cardiac dysfunction, we characterized the electrocardiograms in 379 people with Rett syndrome and found that 18.5% show(More)