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The involvement of the gut microbiota in metabolic disorders, and the ability of whole grains to affect both host metabolism and gut microbial ecology, suggest that some benefits of whole grains are mediated through their effects on the gut microbiome. Nutritional studies that assess the effect of whole grains on both the gut microbiome and human physiology(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of sodium citrate (CIT) ingestion on 30 km cycling performance. Eight trained male cyclists (VO2max = 54.7 +/- 1.7 ml.kg-1.min-1) performed two 30 km cycling time trials. The trials were double blind and randomly assigned from CIT or placebo (PLC), with both dosages at 0.5 g.kg body wt-1. Blood samples(More)
Heart rate (HR) was measured continuously while men (n=6) and women (n=2) ages 71 to 85 years (M=77.4, SD=4.1) completed nine gardening tasks. HR and VO2 from a submaximal graded exercise test were used to estimate gardening VO2, energy expenditure, % HRmax, and metabolic equivalents (METs). Tasks were low to moderate intensity physical activity (1.6-3.6(More)
The question of whether iron deficiency has direct adverse effects on vertebral trabecular bone and long bones was answered by this study. Four groups of female weanling rats were fed for 5 wk diets that were 1) control; 2) calcium restricted, 1.0 g Ca/kg diet; 3) iron deficient, <8 mg Fe/kg diet; or 4) control, pair-fed to the iron-deficient group. Whole(More)
Dietary fiber and whole grains contain a unique blend of bioactive components including resistant starches, vitamins, minerals, phytochemicals and antioxidants. As a result, research regarding their potential health benefits has received considerable attention in the last several decades. Epidemiological and clinical studies demonstrate that intake of(More)
BACKGROUND For elderly women, insufficient data exist to assess the accuracy of the assumed mean protein requirement of 0.6 g of protein x kg(-1) x day(-1), and the adequacy of the current Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA) of 0.8 g of protein x kg(-1) x day(-1). The aims of this study were to assess the mean protein requirement and suggested safe and(More)
BACKGROUND L-glutamine (GLN) may have an ergogenic effect during exercise considering its base generating potential. We attempted to determine whether GLN ingestion influences acid-base balance and improves high intensity exercise performance. METHOD Ten trained males performed five exercise bouts on a cycle ergometer at 100% of VO2 peak. The first four(More)
A methodology combining finger-pricked blood sampling, microwave accelerated fatty acid assay, fast gas chromatography data acquisition, and automated data processing was developed, evaluated and applied to a population study. Finger-pricked blood was collected on filter paper previously impregnated with 0.05 mg of the antioxidant butylated hydroxytoluene(More)
This study assessed the effects of resistance training (RT) on energy restriction-induced changes in body composition, protein metabolism, and the fractional synthesis rate of mixed muscle proteins (FSRm) in postmenopausal, overweight women. Sixteen women (age 68 +/- 1 years, BMI 29 +/- 1 kg/m(2), mean +/- s.e.m.) completed a 16-week controlled diet study.(More)
Weight control by exercise and dietary calorie restriction (DCR) has been associated with reduced cancer risk, but the underlying mechanisms are not well understood. This study was designed to compare the effects of weight loss by increasing physical activity or decreasing calorie intake on tumor promoter-induced Ras-MAPK and PI3K-Akt pathways. SENCAR mice(More)