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—Recently, the notion of self-similarity has been shown to apply to wide-area and local-area network traffic. In this paper, we show evidence that the subset of network traffic that is due to World Wide Web (WWW) transfers can show characteristics that are consistent with self-similarity, and we present a hypothesized explanation for that self-similarity.(More)
One role for workload generation is as a means for understanding how servers and networks respond to variation in load. This enables management and capacity planning based on current and projected usage. This paper applies a number of observations of Web server usage to create a realistic Web workload generation tool which mimics a set of real users(More)
Anomalies are unusual and significant changes in a network's traffic levels, which can often span multiple links. Diagnosing anomalies is critical for both network operators and end users. It is a difficult problem because one must extract and interpret anomalous patterns from large amounts of high-dimensional, noisy data.In this paper we propose a general(More)
The increasing practicality of large-scale flow capture makes it possible to conceive of traffic analysis methods that detect and identify a large and diverse set of anomalies. However the challenge of effectively analyzing this massive data source for anomaly diagnosis is as yet unmet. We argue that the distributions of packet features (IP addresses and(More)
Geolocation of Internet hosts enables a diverse and interesting new class of location-aware applications. Previous measurement-based approaches use reference hosts, called landmarks, with a well-known geographic location to provide the location estimation of a target host. This leads to a discrete space of answers, limiting the number of possible location(More)
Understanding the nature of the workloads and system demands created by users of the World Wide Web is crucial to properly designing and provisioning Web services. Previous measurements of Web client workloads have been shown to exhibit a number of characteristic features; however, it is not clear how those features may be changing with time. In this study(More)
In this paper we propose models for both temporal and spatial locality of reference in streams of requests am'v-ing at Web servers. W e show that simple models based on document popularity alone are insuficient for capturing either temporal or spatial locality. Instead, we rely on an equivalent, but numerical, representation of a reference stream: a stack(More)
We consider a distributed server system model and ask which policy should be used for assigning tasks to hosts. In our model each host processes tasks in First-Come-First-Serve order and the task's service demand is known in advance. We consider four task assignment policies commonly proposed for such distributed server systems: Round-Robin, Random,(More)