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Thymocytes that coexpress the CD4 and CD8 glycoproteins differentiate into mature CD4+ helper or CD8+ cytotoxic cells depending on whether their antigen receptors are specific for MHC class II or class I molecules, respectively. The mechanism of this decision process was investigated in mice whose T cell development was biased toward the class II-specific(More)
The CD4 and CD8 coreceptors have been shown to play significant roles in the differentiation and activation of helper and cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs), respectively. Coordinate binding of coreceptor and T cell receptor (TCR) to the same major histocompatibility complex (MHC) molecule and coreceptor interaction with the tyrosine kinase p56lck are required(More)
The ectodomains of the T cell surface glycoproteins CD4 and CD8 bind to membrane-proximal domains of MHC class II and class I molecules, respectively, while both cytoplasmic domains interact with the protein tyrosine kinase (PTK) p56lck (lck) through a shared cysteine-containing motif. Function of CD4 and CD8 requires their binding to the same MHC molecule(More)
T-cell activation involves two distinct signal transduction pathways. Antigen-specific signaling events are initiated by T-cell receptor recognition of cognate peptide presented by major histocompatibility complex molecules. Costimulatory signals, which are required for optimal T-cell activation and for overcoming the induction of anergy, can be provided by(More)
Previous studies have shown that CD8 beta plays a role in both enhancing CD8 alpha-associated Lck kinase activity and promoting the development of CD8-lineage T cells. To examine the role of this enhancement in the maturation of CD8-lineage cells, we assessed CD8 alpha-associated Lck kinase activity in both T cell hybridomas and thymocytes of mice(More)
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