Mark Charlesworth

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Proteins associated with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (polycystin-1, polycystin-2, and fibrocystin) localize to various subcellular compartments, but their functional site is thought to be on primary cilia. PC1+ vesicles surround cilia in Pkhd1(del2/del2) mice, which led us to analyze these structures in detail. We(More)
Rathke's cleft cysts are cystic sellar and suprasellar lesions, characteristically lined by a single layer of ciliated cuboidal or columnar epithelium. In contrast, craniopharyngiomass, which are also cystic sellar and suprasellar lesions, are characteristically lined by stratified squamous epithelium with keratinization on a layer of connective tissue. The(More)
The progesterone receptor can be reconstituted into hsp90-containing complexes in vitro, and the resulting complexes are needed to maintain hormone binding activity. This process requires ATP/Mg2+, K+, and several axillary proteins. We have developed a defined system for the assembly of progesterone receptor complexes using purified proteins. Five proteins(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common cause of ESRD. Affected individuals inherit a defective copy of either PKD1 or PKD2, which encode polycystin-1 (PC1) or polycystin-2 (PC2), respectively. PC1 and PC2 are secreted on urinary exosome-like vesicles (ELVs) (100-nm diameter vesicles), in which PC1 is present in a cleaved form and(More)
OBJECTIVE To screen human serum albumin (HSA) preparations for toxicity and investigate causes of variation. DESIGN Experimental laboratory study. SETTING University-based laboratory. ANIMAL(S) FVB and CF1 mice crossed to create embryos used in experiments. INTERVENTION(S) Mouse embryo assay performed with 5% or 15% HSA (100 mg/mL albumin) from(More)
Prostate-specific human glandular kallikrein (hK2) is an active enzyme in human seminal fluid. It is one of three serine proteases in the human kallikrein gene family, which includes hK1 (tissue kallikrein) and hK3 (prostate-specific antigen [PSA]). In order to examine kininogenase activity (i.e., production of kinin by these enzymes), we tested for(More)
Bromocriptine has an accepted place in the management of small pituitary tumours that secrete either prolactin or growth hormone. The treatment of large tumours with extrasellar extensions is more difficult, however: though surgery is the standard treatment, it is often unsuccessful in returning excessive hormone secretion to normal and may cause(More)
Eosinophils are multifunctional leukocytes implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma and in immunity to certain organisms. Associations between exposure to an environmental fungus, such as Alternaria, and asthma have been recognized clinically. Protease-activated receptors (PARs) are G protein-coupled receptors that are cleaved and activated by serine(More)
A 50-year-old Asian male presented with a left sixth nerve palsy, left temporal pain, and rapidly deteriorating visual acuity in the left eye. A high resolution CT scan and magnetic resonance scan showed a left retro-orbital enhancing lesion extending from the lateral margin of the cavernous sinus on to the greater wing of the sphenoid and into the left(More)
Human glandular kallikrein (hK2) protein, like prostate-specific antigen (PSA), is produced mainly in prostatic epithelium. It may be useful as a new diagnostic indicator for prostate cancer. Recently, a number of hK2-specific monoclonal antibodies have been developed that enable us to detect hK2 protein in human prostate tissue, seminal fluid, and sera.(More)