Learn More
Proteins associated with autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease (polycystin-1, polycystin-2, and fibrocystin) localize to various subcellular compartments, but their functional site is thought to be on primary cilia. PC1+ vesicles surround cilia in Pkhd1(del2/del2) mice, which led us to analyze these structures in detail. We(More)
The progesterone receptor can be reconstituted into hsp90-containing complexes in vitro, and the resulting complexes are needed to maintain hormone binding activity. This process requires ATP/Mg2+, K+, and several axillary proteins. We have developed a defined system for the assembly of progesterone receptor complexes using purified proteins. Five proteins(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is a common cause of ESRD. Affected individuals inherit a defective copy of either PKD1 or PKD2, which encode polycystin-1 (PC1) or polycystin-2 (PC2), respectively. PC1 and PC2 are secreted on urinary exosome-like vesicles (ELVs) (100-nm diameter vesicles), in which PC1 is present in a cleaved form and(More)
Human glandular kallikrein (hK2) protein, like prostate-specific antigen (PSA), is produced mainly in prostatic epithelium. It may be useful as a new diagnostic indicator for prostate cancer. Recently, a number of hK2-specific monoclonal antibodies have been developed that enable us to detect hK2 protein in human prostate tissue, seminal fluid, and sera.(More)
Fourteen patients presented with arrested pubertal development associated with prolactin-secreting pituitary tumours; serum prolactin ranged from 4000-104,300 mU/l in the ten females and 920-68,000 in four males. Skull X-ray showed a markedly expanded pituitary fossa in eight patients. CT scan and/or air encephalography showed macroadenomas in nine, of whom(More)
Bromocriptine has an accepted place in the management of small pituitary tumours that secrete either prolactin or growth hormone. The treatment of large tumours with extrasellar extensions is more difficult, however: though surgery is the standard treatment, it is often unsuccessful in returning excessive hormone secretion to normal and may cause(More)
OBJECTIVE Lymphocytic hypophysitis is a rare disorder which usually affects women and is often associated with pregnancy. We reviewed our experience of this disorder in order to see whether these features were universal amongst our patients. DESIGN A retrospective review of case notes. PATIENTS Four patients with histologically proven lymphocytic(More)
69 patients with prolactin-secreting or growth-hormone-secreting pituitary tumours were treated with bromocriptine with or without pituitary irradiation and followed up for 6 months to 6 1/2 years. Of 26 patients with prolactinomas, 11 had external pituitary irradiation in addition to bromocriptine. There was evidence of shrinkage of the pituitary tumour(More)
OBJECTIVES Messenger ribonucleic acid for human glandular kallikrein (hK2), a protein similar to prostate-specific antigen (PSA), is expressed in the prostate. Quantitative tests for the relative amounts of PSA in serum have become important in the diagnosis and management of patients with prostate cancer. Measurement of hK2 in serum may also serve as a(More)
Based on studies indicating that human glandular kallikrein (hK2) mRNA is present in the prostate, we prepared a monoclonal antibody to a synthetic peptide corresponding to the 41-56 region of hK2 to try to identify the hK2 protein. Although prostate-specific antigen (PSA) and hK2 share 80% homology, the 41-56 amino acid sequence of hK2 is only 50%(More)