Mark C. Pitter

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This paper demonstrates the principle of two-photon surface wave microscopy with a view to applications on biological samples. We describe a modified scanning optical microscope, which uses specially prepared coverslips. These coverslips are designed to support the propagation of surface waves capable of large field enhancements. We also discuss the beam(More)
The use of aplanatic solid immersion lenses (ASILs) made of high-refractive-index optical materials provides a route to wide-field high-resolution optical microscopy. Structured illumination microscopy (SIM) can double the spatial bandwidth of a microscope to also achieve high-resolution imaging. We investigate the combination of ASILs and SIM in(More)
A heterodyne interference microscope arrangement for full-field imaging is described. The reference and object beams are formed with highly correlated, time-varying laser speckle patterns. The speckle illumination confers a confocal transfer function to the system, and by temporal averaging, the coherence noise that often degrades coherent full-field(More)
Microscopic deformation analysis has been performed using digital image correlation and artificial neural networks (ANNs). Cross-correlations of small image regions before and after deformation contain a peak, the position of which indicates the displacement to pixel accuracy. Subpixel resolution has been achieved here by nonintegral pixel shifting and by(More)
This paper presents a simple, high-resolution, non-fluorescent imaging technique called total internal reflection microscopy (TIRM) and demonstrates its potential application to real-time imaging of live cellular events. In addition, a novel instrument is introduced that combines the simplicity of TIRM with the specificity afforded by dual-colour total(More)
Structured illumination can be employed to extend the lateral resolution of wide-field fluorescence microscopy. Since a structured illumination microscopy image is reconstructed from a series of several acquired images, we develop a modified formulation of the imaging response of the microscope and a probabilistic analysis to assess the resolution(More)
In this paper, we demonstrate how the confinement and enhancement of optical fields by surface plasmon resonance can allow non-linear microscopy to be performed in a simple, cost-effective widefield configuration, rather than the more usual laser-scanning arrangement. We present second harmonic and two-photon luminescence widefield images of dielectric and(More)
A method for the remote detection and identification of liquid chemicals at ranges of tens of meters is presented. The technique uses pulsed indirect photoacoustic spectroscopy in the 10-microm wavelength region. Enhanced sensitivity is brought about by three main system developments: (1) increased laser-pulse energy (150 microJ/pulse), leading to increased(More)
The stochastic transfer function extends the concept of the conventional transfer function by incorporating noise statistics, thus giving a measure of the signal-to-noise ratio at each spatial frequency. This provides a convenient and standardized metric to assess the trade-off in terms of spatial frequency bandwidth and signal-to-noise ratio for a diverse(More)