Mark C.P. Haigney

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Na(+)-Ca2+ exchange has been shown to contribute to reperfusion- and reoxygenation-induced cellular Ca2+ loading and damage in the heart. Despite the fact that both [Na+]i and [Ca2+]i have been documented to rise during ischemia and hypoxia, it remains unclear whether the rise in [Ca2+]i occurring during hypoxia is linked to the rise in [Na+]i via(More)
The aims of this study were to determine: (i) whether clonazepam and CGP37157, which inhibit the Na+/Ca2+ exchanger of isolated mitochondria, could inhibit mitochondrial Ca2+ efflux in intact cells; and (ii) whether any sustained increase in mitochondrial [Ca2+] ([Ca2+]m) could alter mitochondrial NADH levels. [Ca2+]m was measured in Indo-1/AM loaded rat(More)
BACKGROUND Studies have shown that the rise in intracellular ionized calcium, [Ca2+]i, in hypoxic myocardium is driven by an increase in sodium, [Na+]i, but the source of Na+ is not known. METHODS AND RESULTS Inhibitors of the voltage-gated Na+ channel were used to investigate the effect of Na+ channel blockade on hypoxic Na+ loading, Na(+)-dependent Ca2+(More)
DESCRIPTION An independent panel developed cardiac safety recommendations for physicians prescribing methadone. METHODS Expert panel members reviewed and discussed the following sources regarding methadone: pertinent English-language literature identified from MEDLINE and EMBASE searches (1966 to June 2008), national substance abuse guidelines from the(More)
PURPOSE Romidepsin is a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDI) approved for the treatment of both cutaneous and peripheral T-cell lymphoma (CTCL and PTCL). During development, a thorough assessment of cardiac toxicity was conducted. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A phase II single-agent nonrandomized study of romidepsin was conducted in patients with CTCL or PTCL who(More)
BACKGROUND Levomethadyl acetate, methadone hydrochloride, and buprenorphine hydrochloride are equally effective treatments for opioid dependence. Each blocks the human ether-a-go-go-related gene (hERG)-associated channel in vitro and represents a risk for QT prolongation. To compare the effects of 3 known hERG-associated channel blockers on the corrected QT(More)
BACKGROUND Healthy women have longer QT intervals and more drug-induced proarrhythmia compared to men, yet those given implantable cardioverter-difibrillators (ICDs) for ischemic cardiomyopathy have fewer episodes of ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation (VT/VF) than men. The role of repolarization duration and stability in arrhythmogenesis in(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to determine whether heart failure results in loss of cardiac magnesium sufficient to alter cellular electrophysiology. BACKGROUND Free magnesium has numerous intracellular roles affecting metabolism, excitability and RNA synthesis. Total cardiac magnesium content is reduced in heart failure, but it is unclear whether magnesium loss(More)
The sodium-calcium exchanger (NCX) protein is the major cardiac calcium extrusion mechanism and is upregulated in heart failure (HF). NCX expression level and functional activity as regulated by beta-adrenergic receptor (beta-AR) stimulation in swine with and without tachycardia-induced heart failure were studied. The Ni2+-sensitive NCX current was measured(More)
Intense exercise requires a significant increase in cardiac output in order to meet the needs of the skeletal muscles for oxygenated blood. In order to improve cardiac performance, the autonomic nervous system increases sympathetic tone primarily through release of norepinephrine from postganglionic receptors to stimulate the β-adrenergic receptors of the(More)