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We combine diffuse optical and correlation spectroscopies to simultaneously measure the oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin concentration and blood flow in an adult human brain during sensorimotor stimulation. The observations permit calculation of the relative cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen in the human brain, for the first time to our knowledge, by use(More)
Clinicians caring for patients with brachial plexus and other nerve injuries must possess a clear understanding of the peripheral nervous system's response to trauma. In this article, the authors briefly review peripheral nerve injury (PNI) types, discuss the common injury classification schemes, and describe the dynamic processes of degeneration and(More)
Differentiating treatment-induced necrosis from tumor recurrence is a central challenge in neuro-oncology. These 2 very different outcomes after brain tumor treatment often appear similarly on routine follow-up imaging studies. They may even manifest with similar clinical symptoms, further confounding an already difficult process for physicians attempting(More)
Laser-speckle flowmetry was used to characterize activation flow coupling after electrical somatosensory stimulation of forepaw and hindpaw in the rat. Quantification of functional activation was made with high transverse spatial (microm) and temporal (msec) resolution. Different activation levels and duration of stimulation were quantitatively(More)
BACKGROUND There is considerable uncertainty about the indications for cranial computed tomography (CT) scanning in patient with minor traumatic brain injury (TBI). This analysis involves an evidence-based comparison of several strategies for selecting patients for CT with regard to effectiveness and cost. METHODS We performed a structured literature(More)
OBJECT The average 65-year-old patient with moderate dementia can look forward to only 1.4 quality-adjusted life years (QALYs), that is, longevity times quality of life. Some of these patients suffer from normal-pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) and respond dramatically to shunt insertion. Currently, however, NPH cannot be diagnosed with certainty. The authors(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to determine the most efficient perioperative prophylactic strategy for deep venous thrombosis (DVT) in craniotomy patients by use of a decision analysis model. METHODS We conducted a structured review of the relevant literature and compiled the reported incidences of DVT, pulmonary embolism, and postoperative intracranial hemorrhage(More)
BACKGROUND Capillary hemangiomas are benign vascular lesions that commonly present at birth or in early infancy on the face, scalp, back, or chest. The authors present an exceedingly rare case of an intracranial capillary hemangioma arising in an adult. Only 4 biopsy-proven cases have been reported in the pediatric population previous to this case report.(More)
OBJECT Standard treatment options for patients with lumbar spinal stenosis include nonoperative therapies as well as decompressive laminectomy. The introduction of interspinous decompression devices such as the X-STOP has broadened treatment options, but data comparing these treatment strategies are lacking. The object of this study was to provide a(More)