Mark Buchheim

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The Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge (SPNWR) near Cherokee, Oklahoma, contains a barren salt flat where Permian brine rises to the surface and evaporates under dry conditions to leave a crust of white salt. Rainfall events dissolve the salt crust and create ephemeral streams and ponds. The rapidly changing salinity and high surface temperatures,(More)
Current hypotheses on the distribution of freshwater microchlorophytes lead to predictions of low diversity and wide environmental tolerances. Thus, the same few species should be found worldwide in many different habitats. However, these hypotheses are based on a morphospecies concept, which precludes the possibility of numerous cryptic species among these(More)
 The complete 18S rRNA gene sequences of four Sphaeroplea C.A. Agardh strains (Sphaeropleales, Sphaeropleaceae), two Atractomorpha Hoffman strains (Sphaeropleales, Sphaeropleaceae) and two Ankyra Fott strains (Chlorococcales, Characiaceae) were determined and subjected to phylogenetic analyses. The analyses indicated that all these taxa belong to a(More)
The Great Salt Plains (GSP) in north-central Oklahoma, USA is an expansive salt flat (∼65 km2) that is part of the federally protected Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge. The GSP serves as an ideal environment to study the microbial diversity of a terrestrial, hypersaline system that experiences wide fluctuations in freshwater influx and diel temperature.(More)
Phylogenetic hypotheses generated from cladistic analysis of organismal and molecular data are shown to be generally congruent and/or complementary for comparisons of unicellular and colonial green algae in the Chlorophyceae. Cladistic analysis of organismal character data corroborates the alliance of colonial Stephanosphaera with unicellular Haematococcus(More)
BACKGROUND Chloroplast-encoded genes (matK and rbcL) have been formally proposed for use in DNA barcoding efforts targeting embryophytes. Extending such a protocol to chlorophytan green algae, though, is fraught with problems including non homology (matK) and heterogeneity that prevents the creation of a universal PCR toolkit (rbcL). Some have advocated the(More)
Phylogenetic analyses of nuclear-encoded small-subunit rRNA sequences and chloroplast-encoded large-subunit rRNA sequences from flagellate green algae representing the order Chlamydomonadales were found to show considerable congruence. In general, the chloroplast data set exhibited more robust support for comparable lineages than the nuclear data set. The(More)
A study of phylogenetic relationships of the colonial green algal flagellates based on nuclear 18S and 26S rRNA sequence data suggests that the colonial habit has had at least two independent origins. All colonial taxa included in the analysis, except Stephanosphaera, are allied in a clade with Chlamydomonas reinhardtii and other Chlamydomonas taxa ascribed(More)
The Great Salt Plains (GSP), an unvegetated, barren salt flat that is part of the Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge near Cherokee, Oklahoma, is the site of the Salt Plains Microbial Observatory. At the GSP the briny remains of an ancient sea rise to the surface, evaporate under dry conditions, and leave crusts of white salt. Adaptation to this(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS The green algal class Chlorophyceae comprises five orders (Chlamydomonadales, Sphaeropleales, Chaetophorales, Chaetopeltidales and Oedogoniales). Attempts to resolve the relationships among these groups have met with limited success. Studies of single genes (18S rRNA, 26S rRNA, rbcL or atpB) have largely failed to unambiguously resolve(More)