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An emergent problem in the study of pathogen evolution is our ability to determine the extent to which their rapidly evolving genomes recombine. Such information is necessary and essential for locating pathogenicity loci using association studies, and it also directs future screening, therapeutic and vaccination strategies. Recombination also complicates(More)
A prognostic model is sought to determine whether or not patients suffering from an uncommon form of cancer will survive. Given a set of case histories, we attempt to find the relative weightings of the different variables that are used to describe the cases. Our first innovation is to use a diffusion genetic algorithm (DGA) to find weightings which will(More)
Clinical data on 7840 HIV-positive patients, representing 43 745 patient-years of follow-up, has been collected. All patients with ARL since 1986 (n = 150) were assessed at presentation for prognostic factors and outcomes recorded. Comparisons are made between cases in the pre-HAART era (1988-1995), and the HAART era (1996-1999). Statistical models are used(More)
BACKGROUND AIDS-associated Kaposi's sarcoma remains common in individuals with HIV-1 infection in the era of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). We developed a simple model for predicting mortality on the basis of clinical characteristics present at the time of diagnosis of Kaposi's sarcoma. METHODS Of 5873 individuals with HIV-1 infection, 326(More)
Loss of heterozygosity (LOH) for chromosome 10 is the most frequent genetic abnormality observed in high-grade gliomas. We have used fluorescent microsatellite markers to examine a series of 83 patients, 34 with anaplastic astrocytoma (grade 3) and 49 with glioblastoma multiforme (grade 4), for LOH of chromosome 10. Genotype analysis revealed LOH for all(More)
Radical retropubic prostatectomy is considered by many centres to be the treatment of choice for men aged less than 70 years with localized prostate cancer. A rise in serum prostate-specific antigen after radical prostatectomy occurs in 10-40% of cases. This study evaluates the usefulness of novel ultrasensitive PSA assays in the early detection of(More)
The majority of women requiring chemotherapy for gestational trophoblastic disease (GTN) are cured with their initial chemotherapy treatment. However, a small percentage either become refractory to treatment, or relapse after the completion of treatment. This study investigates the characteristics and outcome of these patients. Patients were identified from(More)
Cluster of differentiation (CD) antigens are expressed on cells of myeloid and lymphoid lineages. As most disease processes involve immune system activation or suppression, these antigens offer unique opportunities for monitoring host responses. Immunophenotyping using limited numbers of CD antigens enables differentiation states of immune system cells to(More)