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Human autoimmune gastritis is an organ-specific autoimmune disease of the stomach. It is characterized by the development of disease-specific autoantibodies and a pathology that specifically targets specialized cells within the gastric environment. The autoantigens associated with this disease have been defined as the gastric H+/K+ ATPase and intrinsic(More)
Despite the remarkable efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) in eliminating differentiated chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cells, recent evidence suggests that leukemic stem and progenitor cells (LSPCs) persist long term, which may be partly attributable to cytokine-mediated resistance. We evaluated the expression of the interleukin 3 (IL-3) receptor(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a biologically heterogeneous group of related diseases in urgent need of better therapeutic options. Despite this heterogeneity, overexpression of the interleukin (IL)-3 receptor α-chain (IL-3 Rα/CD123) on both the blast and leukemic stem cell (LSC) populations is a common occurrence, a finding that has generated wide(More)
RATIONALE Sublingual allergen-specific immunotherapy is gaining popularity for treatment of allergic diseases, but underlying immunological mechanisms are unresolved. OBJECTIVES To perform detailed immunological investigation of sublingual house dust mite (HDM) immunotherapy. METHODS A 12-month randomized double-blind placebo-controlled study of(More)
BACKGROUND Grass pollens are major triggers of allergic rhinitis and asthma, but the immunological relationships between pollen allergens of the subtropical Bahia grass, Paspalum notatum, and temperate grasses are unresolved. OBJECTIVE To assess serum IgE cross-reactivity between subtropical P. notatum and temperate Lolium perenne (Ryegrass) pollen(More)
A cardinal feature of organ-specific autoimmunity is destructive pathology in the target organ. In human and experimental models of autoimmune gastritis, mononuclear cell infiltration and cellular destruction in the gastric mucosa are disease hallmarks. Strategies to cure autoimmune disease must not only establish immunological tolerance to autoantigen, but(More)
Mechanisms leading to breakdown of immunological tolerance and initiation of autoimmunity are poorly understood. Experimental autoimmune gastritis is a paradigm of organ-specific autoimmunity arising from a pathogenic autoimmune response to gastric H/K ATPase. The gastritis is accompanied by autoantibodies to the gastric H/K ATPase. The best characterized(More)
Granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) is a pleiotrophic proinflammatory cytokine that augments adaptive immunity by linking it to innate immunity. Experimental autoimmune gastritis is an animal model of human autoimmune gastritis and pernicious anaemia. We have previously shown that GM-CSF is expressed in the gastric mucosa of mice with(More)
Experimental autoimmune gastritis (EAG) is an excellent model of human autoimmune gastritis, the underlying cause of pernicious anaemia. Murine autoimmune gastritis replicates human gastritis in being characterized by a chronic inflammatory mononuclear cell infiltrate in the gastric mucosa, destruction of parietal and zymogenic cells, and autoantibodies to(More)
Autoimmune diseases are a significant cause of death and morbidity, affecting up to 5% of the population. At present, there is no cure. Autologous bone marrow transplantation has been promoted as a treatment for achieving disease reversal and long-term remission. However, clinical trials in progress in Europe and North America report a significant risk of(More)