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Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) occur in pediatric patients; however, the incidence, associated morbidity, and mortality are unknown. A Canadian registry of DVT and PE in children (ages 1 month to 18 years) was established July 1, 1990 in 15 tertiary-care pediatric centers. One-hundred thirty-seven patients were identified(More)
OBJECT The Glioma Outcomes Project represents a contemporary analysis of the management of malignant (Grade III and Grade IV/GBM) gliomas in North America. This observational database was used to evaluate the influence of resection, as opposed to biopsy, on patient outcome as measured by the length of survival. Attempts were made to reduce the impact of(More)
The authors review the cases of 60 children (aged 5 months to 18 years) with thalamic tumors who were seen at The Hospital for Sick Children between 1951 and 1983. The diagnosis of thalamic tumor was based on neuroradiological studies; 33 children were first seen in the pre-computerized tomography (CT) era and 27 since the advent of CT scanning.(More)
The outcome for children with deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) is unknown. An understanding of morbidity and mortality of DVT/PE is crucial to the development of rational treatment protocols. The Canadian Childhood Thrombophilia Registry has followed 405 children aged 1 mo to 18 y with DVT/PE for a mean of 2.86 y (range, 2 wk to 6 y)(More)
OBJECT In many new clinical trials of patients with malignant gliomas surgical intervention is incorporated as an integral part of tumor-directed interstitial therapies such as gene therapy, biodegradable wafer placement, and immunotherapy. Assessment of toxicity is a major component of evaluating these novel therapeutic interventions, but this must be done(More)
The authors describe their experience with four cases of dural arteriovenous malformation (AVM) which led them to analyze the clinical aspects of these lesions in an attempt to understand their pathophysiology. An additional 191 previously reported cases of dural AVM's were reviewed with special attention to the mechanism of intradural, central, and(More)
A series of 300 consecutive stereotactic biopsies for intra-axial brain lesions performed by one neurosurgeon was critically analyzed regarding complications of the procedure. Complications were incurred by a total of 19 patients (6.3%). Five patients (1.7%) died following the procedure, all due to intracranial hypertension: one from subarachnoid(More)
A retrospective clinical and pathological review of 905 consecutive brain tumor cases (excluding pituitary adenoma and recurrent tumor) was conducted to identify cases in which intratumoral hemorrhage was confirmed grossly and/or pathologically. There were 132 cases so identified, for an overall tumor hemorrhage rate of 14.6%; of these, 5.4% were classified(More)
OBJECT Many neurosurgeons routinely obtain computerized tomography (CT) scans to rule out hemorrhage in patients after stereotactic procedures. In the present prospective study, the authors investigated the rate of silent hemorrhage and delayed deterioration after stereotactic biopsy sampling and the role of postbiopsy CT scanning. METHODS A subset of(More)
Human brain tumors appear to have a hierarchical cellular organization suggestive of a stem cell foundation. In vitro expansion of the putative cancer stem cells as stable cell lines would provide a powerful model system to study their biology. Here, we demonstrate routine and efficient derivation of adherent cell lines from malignant glioma that display(More)