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A method is described for using a limited number (typically 10-50) of low-dose radiographs to reconstruct the three-dimensional (3D) distribution of x-ray attenuation in the breast. The method uses x-ray cone-beam imaging, an electronic digital detector, and constrained nonlinear iterative computational techniques. Images are reconstructed with high(More)
The Digital Mammography Imaging Screening Trial (DMIST), conducted under the auspices of the American College of Radiology Imaging Network (ACRIN), is a clinical trial designed to compare the accuracy of digital versus screen-film mammography in a screening population [E. Pisano et al., ACRIN 6652-Digital vs. Screen-Film Mammography, ACRIN (2001)]. Part I(More)
Abbreviations: ANOVA ϭ analysis of variance CLAHE ϭ contrast-limited adaptive histogram equalization HIW ϭ histogram-based intensity windowing MIW ϭ manual intensity windowing MMIW ϭ mixture model intensity windowing MUSICA ϭ multiscale image contrast amplification 1 PURPOSE: To determine the preferences of radiologists among eight different image(More)
The Digital Mammography Imaging Screening Trial, conducted by the American College of Radiology Imaging Network, is a clinical trial designed to compare the accuracy of full-field digital mammography (FFDM) versus screen-film mammography in a screening population. Five FFDM systems from four manufacturers (Fischer, Fuji, General Electric, and Lorad) were(More)
The substitution of digital representations for analog images provides access to methods for digital storage and transmission and enables the use of a variety of digital image processing techniques, including enhancement and computer assisted screening and diagnosis. Lossy compression can further improve the efficiency of transmission and storage and can(More)
The respiratory tract is a primary site of infection and exposure to environmental antigens and an important site of memory T cell localization. We analyzed the migration and retention of naive and activated CD8+ T cells within the noninflamed lungs and quantitated the partitioning of adoptively transferred T cells between the pulmonary vascular and(More)
In the near future, investigation and refinement of emerging anatomic and functional breast imaging techniques will enable clinical trials that will evaluate their utility and potential for improving the survival and quality of life for patients with breast cancer. In the longer term, strategic research collaborations among investigators in the fields of(More)
Noise characterization through estimation of the noise power spectrum (NPS) is a central component of the evaluation of digital x-ray systems. We begin with a brief review of the fundamentals of NPS theory and measurement, derive explicit expressions for calculation of the one- and two-dimensional (1D and 2D) NPS, and discuss some of the considerations and(More)
Dynamic FDG-PET imaging was used to study inflammation in lungs of mice following administration of a virulent strain of Klebsiella (K.) pneumoniae. Net whole-lung FDG influx constant (K(i)) was determined in a compartment model using an image-derived blood input function. Methods. K. pneumoniae (~3 x 10(5) CFU) was intratracheally administered to six mice(More)