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BACKGROUND The genetic modification of pigs is a powerful strategy that may ultimately enable successful xenotransplantation of porcine organs into humans. METHODS Transgenic pigs were produced by microinjection of gene constructs for human complement regulatory proteins CD55 and CD59 and the enzyme alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase (H-transferase, HT), which(More)
UNLABELLED CD39 (ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1; ENTPD-1) rapidly hydrolyzes ATP and ADP to AMP; AMP is hydrolyzed by ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) to adenosine, an anti-thrombotic and cardiovascular protective mediator. While expression of human CD39 in a murine model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury confers cardiac(More)
Most porcine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro fail to develop normally due to abnormal fertilization. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cysteamine on pronuclear formation and developmental competence in pig embryos produced in vitro. Follicular oocytes were matured in vitro with or without cysteamine in Medium 199 supplemented with(More)
Fetal growth is restricted in primiparous pigs (gilts) compared with dams who have had previous pregnancies (sows), as in other species. In gilts, daily maternal porcine GH (pGH) injections from day 25 to 50 of pregnancy (term approximately 115 day) increase fetal growth and progeny muscularity, and responses in sows are unknown. Whether feeding the(More)
Somatic cell nuclear transfer was used to produce live piglets from cultured fetal fibroblast cells. This was achieved by exposing donor cell nuclei to oocyte cytoplasm for approximately 3 h before activation by chemical means. Initially, an experiment was performed to optimize a cell fusion system that prevented concurrent activation in the majority of(More)
Pigs are currently considered the most likely source of organs for human xenotransplantation because of anatomical and physiological similarities to humans, and the relative ease with which they can be bred in large numbers. A severe form of rejection known as hyperacute rejection has been the major barrier to the use of xenografts. Generating transgenic(More)
Cryopreservation of zona-intact porcine embryos has been relatively unsuccessful to date, although some success has been obtained with lipid reduced morulae and early blastocysts. This study adapted some vitrification protocols used successfully with late blastocysts for use with early zona-intact blastocysts, using actin depolymerization, centrifugation,(More)
The lipid content of porcine 1-cell stage embryos was reduced (delipated) through the use of micromanipulation to remove the lipid layer formed after centrifugation. Of 94 delipated embryos chilled to 4 degrees C for 1 h at the 1-cell or 2- to 4-cell stage, 60 (64%) cleaved in culture with development to the morula-blastocyst stage, whereas all of the(More)
We report here our experience regarding the production of double or homozygous Gal knockout (Gal KO) pigs by breeding and somatic cell nuclear transfer (SCNT). Large White x Landrace female heterozygous Gal KO founders produced using SCNT were mated with Hampshire or Duroc males to produce a F1 generation. F1 heterozygous pigs were then bred to half-sibs to(More)