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Fetal growth is restricted in primiparous pigs (gilts) compared with dams who have had previous pregnancies (sows), as in other species. In gilts, daily maternal porcine GH (pGH) injections from day 25 to 50 of pregnancy (term approximately 115 day) increase fetal growth and progeny muscularity, and responses in sows are unknown. Whether feeding the(More)
Cryopreservation of zona-intact porcine embryos has been relatively unsuccessful to date, although some success has been obtained with lipid reduced morulae and early blastocysts. This study adapted some vitrification protocols used successfully with late blastocysts for use with early zona-intact blastocysts, using actin depolymerization, centrifugation,(More)
The lipid content of porcine 1-cell stage embryos was reduced (delipated) through the use of micromanipulation to remove the lipid layer formed after centrifugation. Of 94 delipated embryos chilled to 4 degrees C for 1 h at the 1-cell or 2- to 4-cell stage, 60 (64%) cleaved in culture with development to the morula-blastocyst stage, whereas all of the(More)
BACKGROUND The genetic modification of pigs is a powerful strategy that may ultimately enable successful xenotransplantation of porcine organs into humans. METHODS Transgenic pigs were produced by microinjection of gene constructs for human complement regulatory proteins CD55 and CD59 and the enzyme alpha1,2-fucosyltransferase (H-transferase, HT), which(More)
UNLABELLED CD39 (ectonucleoside triphosphate diphosphohydrolase-1; ENTPD-1) rapidly hydrolyzes ATP and ADP to AMP; AMP is hydrolyzed by ecto-5'-nucleotidase (CD73) to adenosine, an anti-thrombotic and cardiovascular protective mediator. While expression of human CD39 in a murine model of myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury confers cardiac(More)
Somatic cell nuclear transfer was used to produce live piglets from cultured fetal fibroblast cells. This was achieved by exposing donor cell nuclei to oocyte cytoplasm for approximately 3 h before activation by chemical means. Initially, an experiment was performed to optimize a cell fusion system that prevented concurrent activation in the majority of(More)
Supplementing diets with n-3 fatty acids from fish oil has been shown to improve reproductive performance in dairy cattle and sheep, but there is little published literature on its effects in sows. The aim of this study was to evaluate the reproductive performance of sows fed fish oil as a source of n-3 PUFA prefarrowing and during lactation. From d 107.7 ±(More)
Most porcine oocytes matured and fertilized in vitro fail to develop normally due to abnormal fertilization. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of cysteamine on pronuclear formation and developmental competence in pig embryos produced in vitro. Follicular oocytes were matured in vitro with or without cysteamine in Medium 199 supplemented with(More)
The present study compared the distribution and steroid composition of 3-, 4- and 5-8-mm follicles on the surface of prepubertal and adult ovaries, and determined the relationship between follicle size and developmental competence of oocytes following parthenogenetic activation. The effect of 1 mm dibutyryl cAMP (dbcAMP) for the first 22 h of in vitro(More)