Mark Alexander Reynolds

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Several studies demonstrate that women are more sensitive to experimental pain than men. In addition, women exhibit greater temporal summation of heat and mechanically evoked pain. Since temporal summation of pain is centrally mediated, its greater expression in women suggests a central nociceptive hyperexcitability relative to men. The purpose of this(More)
Beginning at either 1.5, 6 or 10 months of age, male mice from the A/J and C57BL/6J strains and their F1 hybrid, B6AF1/J were fed a diet (4.2 kcal/g) either ad libitum every day or in a restricted fashion by ad libitum feeding every other day. Relative to estimates for ad libitum controls, the body weights of the intermittently-fed restricted C57BL/6J and(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis and management of acute ischemic stroke are limited by the lack of rapid diagnostic assays for use in an emergency setting. Computed tomography (CT) scanning is used to diagnose hemorrhagic stroke but is relatively ineffective (<33% sensitive) in detecting ischemic stroke. The ability to correlate blood-borne protein biomarkers with(More)
The performance of male A/J and C57BL/6J mice from three age groups (4, 18, and 24 months) was observed in a battery of tests designed to assess age-related impairments in motor abilities. A/J mice were superior to C57BL/6J mice in tasks requiring upper body strength, such as tests of grip strength and tightrope performance. C57BL/6J mice were superior(More)
AIMS Previous work suggests that hyperexcitability of central nociceptive neurons may play a role in the pain of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The aim of this study was to test this theory by assessing differences, between myalgic TMD patients and pain-free controls, in temporal summation of mechanically evoked pain and aftersensations following(More)
Male wistar rats were housed in laboratory cages or activity-wheel cages at eight 10.5 or 18 months of age. Part of each cage group continued to be fed ad libitum, whereas the remaining animals were fed every other day. Compared with the ad libitum condition, intermittent feeding decreased body weight and increased lifespan at both ages in both caging(More)
Two experiments assessed the predictive validity of a psychomotor test battery in male C57BL/6J mice. First, performance was recorded for 66 mice in rotorod, tightrope, grip strength, exploratory activity, and runwheel activity tasks at 24 mo of age. Except in the rotorod task, performance was positively and significantly correlated to lifespan, i.e. better(More)
This literature review of research on age-related differences in sleep and rhythmic phenomena in laboratory animals covers three general areas: (1) age-related differences in biorhythms in general; (2) age-related differences in sleep patterns as assessed by psychophysiological measures; and (3) neurobiological correlates of biorhythms and sleep, including(More)
The performance of male C57BL/6J mice (Mus musculus) was assessed in a battery of tests designed to detect age-related losses in motor abilities and also to examine individual differences within age groups. Studied were 4-, 18-, and 24-month-old mice. Within 5 days following the completion of the behavioral battery, the mice were killed, and brain tissue(More)
Postmortem human brain samples were taken from non-neurological controls as well as demented subjects who died with Alzheimer's disease (AD), multi-infarct dementia (MID), or a combination of AD and MID dementia (MIXED). Choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) activity was measured radiometrically using [1-14C]acetyl-coenzyme A as the substrate, muscarinic binding(More)