Mark Alexander Reynolds

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Several studies demonstrate that women are more sensitive to experimental pain than men. In addition, women exhibit greater temporal summation of heat and mechanically evoked pain. Since temporal summation of pain is centrally mediated, its greater expression in women suggests a central nociceptive hyperexcitability relative to men. The purpose of this(More)
BACKGROUND The diagnosis and management of acute ischemic stroke are limited by the lack of rapid diagnostic assays for use in an emergency setting. Computed tomography (CT) scanning is used to diagnose hemorrhagic stroke but is relatively ineffective (<33% sensitive) in detecting ischemic stroke. The ability to correlate blood-borne protein biomarkers with(More)
AIMS Previous work suggests that hyperexcitability of central nociceptive neurons may play a role in the pain of temporomandibular disorders (TMD). The aim of this study was to test this theory by assessing differences, between myalgic TMD patients and pain-free controls, in temporal summation of mechanically evoked pain and aftersensations following(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs (about 21 to 24 nucleotides in length) that effectively reduce the translation of their target mRNAs. Several studies have shown miRNAs to be differentially expressed in prostate cancer, many of which are found in fragile regions of chromosomes. Expression profiles of miRNAs can provide information to(More)
Activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) has been linked to induction of differentiation, cell growth inhibition and apoptosis in several types of human cancer. However, the possible effects of PPARgamma agonists on human oral squamous cell carcinoma have not yet been reported. In this study, treatment with(More)
Embryonic neostriatal cell suspensions were transplanted into intact or kainic acid-lesioned neostriata of adult host rats. These transplants survived and were sacrificed at 34-78 days posttransplantation. Nissl and Golgi preparations revealed neurons present within the transplants. Neurons with abundant dendritic spines (Spiny type I) were most frequent,(More)
It has been known for about seventy years that bone, in all vertebrates, contains uniquely high citrate levels. However, the role of citrate, its source, its regulation, and its implication in normal bone formation and in bone disorders have remained largely unknown. For the past thirty-five years, the relationship of citrate in bone has been a neglected(More)
This study investigated the ability of growth factor-enhanced matrices combined with a tenting screw scaffolding system and resorbable membrane to regenerate large alveolar extraction site defects. Eight patients were randomized to treatment either with a bovine or equine matrix mixed in a ratio of 1.0 mL (0.3 mg/mL) recombinant human platelet-derived(More)
Citrate is a major component of bone in all vertebrates, but its implications in bone have remained largely unknown. Recent studies identified that citrate is incorporated into the structure of the hydroxyapatite nanocrystal/collagen complex; and is essential for the important biomechanical properties of bone. This raises the important question, "What is(More)