Learn More
The role of hepatitis B virus X antigen in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma was explored by stably transfecting HepG2 cells with an X antigen expression vector, and identifying the differences in gene expression that distinguish X positive from X negative cells by subtractive PCR. One differentially expressed gene, the human homolog of sui1(More)
Chronic active hepatitis caused by infection with hepatitis B virus, a DNA virus, is a major risk factor for human hepatocellular carcinoma. Since the oncogenicity of several DNA viruses is dependent on the interaction of their viral oncoproteins with cellular tumor-suppressor gene products, we investigated the interaction between hepatitis B virus X(More)
Long term hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor in pathogenesis of chronic liver diseases, including hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The HBV encoded proteins, hepatitis B virus X protein and preS, appear to contribute importantly to the pathogenesis of HCC. Both are associated with oxidative stress, which can damage cellular molecules(More)
The hepatitis B virus-encoded X antigen (HBxAg) may contribute to the development of liver cancer, in part, by stimulating the growth and survival of infected cells in the face of ongoing immune responses. Given that the Fas ligand/receptor system contributes to the pathogenesis of chronic hepatitis B, experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a major etiologic agent of chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). HBV-encoded X antigen, HBx, and pathways implicated in the self-renewal of stem cells contribute to HCC, but it is not clear whether HBx expression promotes "stemness." Thus, experiments were designed to test the hypothesis that HBx triggers(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is an important etiologic agent of chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Although the mechanism whereby HBV causes HCC is not fully understood, it is likely that there are many relevant molecular pathways that contribute to the development of HBV-associated HCC. This review provides an overview of some of(More)
Hepatitis B and related viruses that infect mammalian hosts encode the "X" protein that has been shown to contribute importantly to the pathogenesis of chronic liver disease (CLD) and to the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In a variety of tissue culture systems, hepatitis B virus (HBV) X antigen, or HBxAg, has been shown to trigger apoptosis,(More)
Persistent infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is epidemiologically correlated with the prevalence of hepatocellular carcinoma, but its role in tumor development is not yet understood. To study the putative oncogenic potential of HBV, a non-malignant immortal mouse hepatocyte line FMH202 harboring metallothionein promoter-driven simian virus 40 large tumor(More)
Epidemiologic observations show a higher frequency of hepatitis B virus (HBV) serologic markers in chronic alcoholics compared with the general population. This may be the result of an increased susceptibility of alcoholics to infection and/or to an ethanol-mediated stimulation of HBV gene expression and replication. To test the latter hypothesis, HBV(More)
Formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens from 110 cases of primary hepatocellular carcinoma were stained for hepatitis B x antigen (HBxAg), hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg). Eighty-four % of these patients were HBxAg positive in their tumor cells. Among the 110 cases studied, 80 had adjacent nontumorous tissue in(More)