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This study was undertaken to delineate a possible role for tissue transglutaminase (tTG), an enzyme that catalyzes protein cross-linking, in hepatic fibrogenesis. Rats were treated with CCl4 solution and then killed at different stages of liver injury and fibrogenesis. Liver tTG mRNA levels were markedly increased as early as 6 h after the first injection,(More)
One of several postulated roles for tissue transglutaminase (tTG) is the stabilization and assembly of extracellular matrix via peptide cross-linking. We previously determined that tTG activity increased in an animal model of hepatic fibrogenesis and in human liver disease. To further study the role of tTG in liver disease, we initiated investigations into(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The accelerated course of hepatic fibrosis that occurs in some patients after liver transplantation is a major clinical problem. This response may be caused by the antirejection therapeutics, and in an earlier report we showed that FK-506 enhanced the fibrogenic process in in vivo and in vitro models of liver fibrosis. In the present(More)
Hepatic fibrosis is a wound-healing process that occurs when the liver is injured chronically. Hepatic stellate cells (HSC) are responsible for the excess production of extracellular matrix (ECM) components. The activation of HSC, a key issue in the pathogenesis of hepatic fibrosis, is mediated by various cytokines and reactive oxygen species released from(More)
Collagen is the predominant component of the extracellular matrix of the heart, where it is organized in a hierarchy of structures. To establish the cellular origin of the various collagen types, type I-procollagen alpha 2 chain and types III and IV collagen mRNAs were examined in preparations of myocytes and non-myocyte heart cells freshly isolated from(More)
We recently demonstrated that transforming growth factor-beta 1 stimulates collagen synthesis in hepatic cells in vitro, and that the synthesis of this cytokine is markedly increased in two rodent models of hepatic fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the association of transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TFG-beta 1) gene expression in human liver(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The study of Schistosoma-induced hepatic fibrosis in murine Schistosoma mansoni infection has elucidated the nature of hepatic fibrosis in humans. In the present study, fibrogenic gene expression was determined in murine S. mansoni infection during primary infection, after chemotherapy with praziquantel, and during secondary infection. (More)
Human embryonic stem cells (hESC) may provide a cell source for functional hepatocytes. The aim of this study is to establish a viable human hepatocyte-like cell line from hESC that can be used for cell-based therapies. The differentiated hESC were enriched by transducing with a lentivirus vector containing the green fluorescent protein (GFP) gene driven by(More)
We studied the mechanisms by which excess copper exerts, and zinc mitigates, toxic effects on HepG2 cells. Survival and cell growth were reduced in media containing greater than 500 microM copper chloride for 48 h; LD50 was 750 microM. At 1,000 microM copper for 1 h, there was a general reduction of protein synthesis, and no recognizable changes in cellular(More)
Despite extensive efforts, little progress has been made in identifying the factors that induce hepatic fibrosis. Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) has been shown to enhance collagen production, therefore its role in hepatic fibrosis was investigated. Treatment of cultured hepatic cells with TGF-beta 1 increased type I procollagen mRNA levels(More)